Category: Polonnaruwa

Ruins at 19th Post at Polonnaruwa – 19 කණුව පුරාවිද්‍යා ස්ථානය

Ruins at the 19th post - An ancient stupa resembling a mound of earth

The ruins identified as the “19th post ruins” on a regular archaeological board lies between Polonnaruwa and Kaduruwela, about 1.7 km from the Polonnaruwa clock tower.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Swastika Pokuna in Ancient city of Polonnaruwa – ස්වස්තික පොකුණ – පොලොන්නරුව පුරාණ අගනගරය

Swastika Pokuna at Polonnaruwa destroyed by treasure hunters

Lying inside the inner city with the Palace Complex, passing the Royal Court of King Parakramabahu you can reach this Kumara Pokuna pond made out of stone slabs. This tank has been used during the period of King Parakramabahu ( 1153-1186).

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Pothgul Vehera (Polonnaruwa) – පොත්ගුල් වෙහෙර

Remains of the Pothgul Vehera in Polonnaruwa

Pothgul Vehera of the ancient Polonnaruwa Kingdom is located some distance from the statue and thought to be a Buddhist library complex and a place where the Buddhist writings were studied and resided.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Places of Interest in Polonnaruwa

Thivanka Image House - before restoration – photo taken on late 1800′s or early 1900′s

Alahana Privena  Atadage  Badda Sema Malakaya Dalada Maluwa Demala Maha Seya (Stupa of Tamils) Deepa Uyana Eastern Entrance to the Inner City Gal Viharaya (Rock Temple) Gal-potha (Stone Book) Gopala Pabbatha Hetadage Image of Boddhisathwa Kiri Vehera Kuda Gal Viharaya

Posted in Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Shiva Devalaya (no. 5) – ශිව දේවාලය (අංක 5)

Thivanka Image House - before restoration – photo taken on late 1800′s or early 1900′s

This large devalaya, a place of worship for Hindus and Buddhists has been partially restored and has two main devalas for god Vishnu and god Shiva. Inside the devala you will see a Virgina and a “Shiva Linga” (penis of god Shiva) , both items of worship can bee seen.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Naipena Viharaya – Vishnu Devala (number 4) නයි පෙන විහාරය – විෂ්නු දේවාලය (අංක 4)

Ruins of the Nai Pena viharaya

This Devala identified as Vishnu Devala (number 4) and also known as Naipena Viharaya has been a place of worship for God Vishnu by the Hindus.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Thivanka Image House [2] – තිවංක පිලිම ගෙය

Thivanka Image House - before restoration – photo taken on late 1800′s or early 1900′s

If you are looking for ancient art in Polonnaruwa I suggest you take a drive to the Tivanka Pilimage or the Tivanka Image house. or the Northern Temple of H.C.P.Bell.

Posted in Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Thivanka Pilimage (Image House) – තිවංක පිලිම ගෙය

Thivanka Image House - before restoration – photo taken on late 1800′s or early 1900′s

Thivanka Pilimage was built by King Parakramabahu (1153-1186) and since the 8 meter tall image of Buddha has been curved in 3 places, this has been given the name “Thivanka” which literally means three curves.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Nelum Pokuna (Lotus Pond) at Polonnaruwa Kingdom – නෙලුම් පොකුණ

Nelum Pokuna (Lotus Pond)

The Nelum pokuna or the Lotus bath is a small stone bath of completely unique design, built in tiers of eight petalled lotuses in descending form.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: ,

Damila Maha Seya (Demala Maha Seya) දෙමල මහා සෑය

Demala Maha Seya - Polonnaruwa

Located on the Pollonanruwa ancient city complex, this gigantic uncompleted Stupa known as Damila Maha Seya (Demala Maha Seya) has been built by king Parakramabahu (1153-1186)

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa

Gal Viharaya (Rock Temple) at Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa – ගල් විහාරය

Gal Viharaya - Polonnaruwa

Gal Viharaya of Polonnaruwa is a magnificent group of statues of Buddha carved in a rock built by king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) which was part of the Uthararama Complex.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Kiri Vehera at Polonnaruwa – කිරි වෙහෙර

Polonnaruwa Kiri Vehera

This large stupa known as the Kiri Vehera of Polonnaruwa, lying north of Lankathilaka Pilima Ge is said to be built by a queen of king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) called “Subadra”.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Lankathilaka Image House at Polonnaruwa – ලංකාතිලක පිලිමගෙය – පොලොන්නරුව

Lankatilaka Image House of Polonnaruwa

Polonnaruwa Lankathilaka Image House is a monolithic Buddha image house built by king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) lying on the South of Kiri Vehera.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , , , , ,

Kuda Gal Viharaya at Polonnaruwa Ancient City – කුඩා ගල් විහාරය

Kuda Gal Viharaya main Cave

On the east to the Badda Sema Malakaya you can see a cave with a carved statue of Buddha. This known as the Kuda Gal Viharaya or the lesser rock temple.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: ,

Badda Sema Malakaya at Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa – බද්ධ සීමා මාලකය

Badda Sema Malakaya at Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa

The Baddhasima Malakaya, also known as the Buddha Seema Pasada, was built by Parakramabahu 1 (1153-1186) on the highest platform at the Alahena Pirivena.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Alahana Pirivena of Polonnaruwa – ආලාහන පිරිවෙණ

Alahana Privena

Alahana Pirivena is the great monastic complex founded by Parakramabahu 1 (1153-1186), said to be built on a cremation ground, hence the name Alahana Pirivena.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Gopala Pabbatha of Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa – ගෝපාල පබ්බත

Gopala Pabbatha Cave Complex

Gopala Pabbatha in Polonnaruwa is a small cave monastery and also marks the southern boundary of Alahana Pirivena and lies on the north of Rankoth Vehera.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Rankoth Vehera of Ancient Polonnaruwa Kingdom – රන්කොත් වෙහෙර

Rankoth Vehera

Rankoth Vehera (Goldern Pinnacle) Stupa, is the 4th largest stupa in the country after Ruwanveli Seya, Jetawanarama and Abhayagiriya in Anuradhapura. Built by King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196), it is 55 meters in height 185 meters in circumference. This is the largest Stupa in Polonnaruwa.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Shiva Kovil (no 4) of Polonnaruwa Kingdom – ශිව දේවාලය (අංක 4)

Lord Siva

This kovil, identified as Siva Kovil No 4 on the ancient city of Polonnaruwa is in ruins and belongs to the Chola era (1017-1070)

Posted in Polonnaruwa Tagged with: ,

Menik Vehera – Polonnaruwa – මැනික් වෙහෙර

Menik Vehera - Polonnaruwa

Menik Vehera Aramaic complex of the Polonnaruwa Kingdom is believed to be built on the 8th century. There are indications that some additions to this complex have been made at later stages.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Eastern Entrance to the Inner City of Polonnaruwa Kingdom – ඇතුල් නගර නැගෙනහිර දොරටුව – පොලොන්නරුව

Eastern Entrance to the Inner City of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa

Passing the Vishnu Kovil 2, on the main root you come to the Eastern Entrance to the inner city of the Polonnaruwa Kingdom. The inner city has been protected by a massive wall where the soldiers patrolled on the top, and a moat.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: ,

Shiva Kovil (no. 3) And Gansh Kovil of Polonnaruwa Kingdom – ශිව දේවාලය (අංක 3) හා ගනේශ් කෝවිල

Shiva Kovil (no. 3) And Gansh Kovil of Polonnaruwa Kingdom

These two Siva Kovil and the Ganesh Kovil is situated on the left side of the inner city entrance of the Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Vishnu Kovil (no. 2) of Polonnaruwa Kingdom – විෂ්නු දේවාලය (අංක 2)

Vishnu Kovil (no. 2) of Polonnaruwa Kingdom

This Vishnu Kovil is situated on the right side of the inner city entrance of the Ancient Capital of Polonnaruwa. This kovil has been completely built with granite blocks but only the bottom portion of the building survives today.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,

Shiva Kovil (no. 2) of Polonnauwa Kingdom – ශිව දේවාලය (අංක 2)

Shiva Kovil (no. 2) of Polonnaruwa Kingdom

This Shiva Kovil is considered to be one of the oldest buildings of the Polonnaruwa Kingdom to survive the ravages of time. This Shiva kovil is thought to be built by Tamil invaders (10th century) who initially establish their capital in Polonnaruwa.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Pabalu Vehera at Polonnaruwa – පබලු වෙහෙර

Pabalu Vehera

The origin of this unusually shaped Pabalu Vehera stupa is unknown but it is believed to been built by one of the king Parakramabahu’s ( 1153-1186 AD) consorts, queen Rupawathi.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Sathmahal Prasadaya (Seven Storied Palace) – සත්මහල් ප්‍රාසාදය

Sathmahal Prasadaya in Dalada Maluwa

This pyramid-shaped, seven storied building called Sathmahal Prasadaya (11th -13th century) is thought to be an unusually shaped stupa.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa

Gal Potha (Stone Book) at Polonnaruwa – ගල් පොත

Galpotha

Gal Potha (Stone Book) is one of the famous works of King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196) which describes himself, his rule and the eligibility for being a king of Sri Lanka.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , , , ,

Hetadage at Polonnaruwa – හැටදාගේ

Hetadage of Polonnaruwa

Hetadage is an ancient shrine which housed the tooth relic during the Polonnaruwa Kingdom. According to the inscriptions on a stone slab next to this building, this building has been built by King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196) to house the tooth relic of Buddha. But it is unclear whether this was built by king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) and was renovated by Nissanka Malla (1187-1196) or whether Nissanka Malla (1187-1196) himself built it.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Atadage at Polonnaruwa – අටදාගේ

Buddha Statue inside the building

Atadage Dalada Maligaya is the house of the tooth relic of Buddha built by King Vijayabahu I (1070-1110). This building is built on 54 stone pillars. The tooth relic has been kept on the second floor probably made out of wood.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Oth Pilimaya at Dalada Maluwa in Polonnaruwa – ඔත් පිළිමය

Oth Pilimaya at Dalada Maluwa

Oth Pilimaya at the ancient city of Polonnaruwa is a ancient statue house lying in the Dalada Maluwa. The Buddha Statue is in a resting position on a pedestal and is made completely of bricks.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,

Nissanka Latha Mandapaya of the Polonnaruwa Ancient Kingdom – නිස්සංක ලතා මණ්ඩපය

Nissanka Latha Mandapaya

Nissanka Latha Mandapaya is a square buiding with fine rock cut railing g going all around lying the Dalada Maluwa area of the ancient kingdom of Polonnaruwa. This building has been built by king Nissanka Malla (1187-1196).

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,

Thuparama Image House of the Polonnaruwa Ancient Kingdom – ථූපාරාම පිළිම ගෙය

Thuparama Image House in late 1800's or early 1900's

The Thuparama Image House at the ancient capital of Polonnaruwa is one of the few buildings where you can see a roof completely made out of bricks. Almost the whole building has survived over 900 years miraculously.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Statue of Bodhisattva at Dalada Maluwa of Polonnaruwa – බෝධිසත්ව පිලිමය

Statue of Boddhisathwa

This statue lies in the center of the Dalada Maluwa at a slightly elevated ground. The arms of the statue are missing. It is unclear whether this is a statue of King Nissanga Malla (1187-1196) or a Statue of bodhisattva

Posted in Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , ,

Polonnaruwa Vatadage (The Stupa House) – වටදාගෙය

Polonnaruwa Vatadage

This beautiful Vatadage or Stupa House has been built before the time of Nissanga Malla (1187-1196) but he has carried out major renovations on this building. So what you see today is probably his work.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , , , ,

Dalada Maluwa at Kingdom of Polonnaruwa – දළදා මලුව

Block of stone at the entrance to the Dalada Maluwa

Dalada Maluwa is an elevated area in the Polonnaruwa Sacred City which many Buddhist buildings are situated. The Entrance to the Dalada Maluwa is through stone steps. Left to these steps is a stone slab with 3 carved figures, A man pointing towards the Dalada Maluwa, a crow and a dog.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: ,

Shiva Kovil (no. 1) of Ancient Polonnaruwa – ශිව දේවාලය (අංක 1)

Entrance to the Kovil (No 01)

Shiva Kovil (no. 1) is the first kovil you will come across after entering the ancient city of Polonnaruwa. The walls of this kovil are made out of a closely fitted stone blocks of a type which is not found anywhere near Polonnaruwa.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Kumara Pokuna in Ancient city of Polonnaruwa – කුමාර පොකුණ

Kumara Pokuna

Lying inside the inner city with the Palace Complex, passing the Royal Court of King Parakramabahu you can reach this Kumara Pokuna pond made out of stone slabs. This tank has been used during the period of King Parakramabahu ( 1153-1186).

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,

Royal Court of king Parakramabahu – පරාක්‍රමභාහු රාජ සභා මණ්ඩපය

The Rajasabha Mandapaya of the Parakramabahu

Built by king Parakramabahu this Royal Court is situated in front of the palace. Built on 3 layers of solid rock, the border of the first layer is decorated with carved elephants each in a different posture. Second layer border is carved with figures of lions and the last layer with images of “Wamana”.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa

Palace of King Parakramabahu the Great – වෛජන්ත ප්‍රාසාදය

View of the remains of the palace from front

This is a majestic palace of Parakramabahu I (1153-1186) with seven stories and said to have 1000 chambers. Although the main building possibly couldn’t hold such a number of chambers, when you consider the whole palace complex it is thought that this number is a possibility.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Palace of King Nissanka Malla – නිස්සංකමල්ල රාජ මාලිගය

Palace of King Nissanka Malla

Remains of palace of Nissanka Malla lies behind the current Polonnaruwa Rest House along with the Audience Hall of of King Nissanka Malla. This place has been probably built mainly with bricks during the reign of King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196)

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Nissanga Malla Audience Hall – නිස්සංකමල්ල රාජ සභා මණ්ඩපය

Nissanga Malla Audience Hall

Also in the same area as the unidentified structure of the Nissanga Malla, this is made of solid rock and probably held a wooden roof. The building has been held by 48 stone pillars laid in 4 rows. The throne

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,

Unidentified structure at the Nissanga Malla’s court – හඳුනානොගත් ස්මාරකය

An Island with remains of a ancient building

This is a lonely multi storied building made out of bricks. The staircase is still intact. An important feature of this building is that it has no windows. Due to this feature it is also thought to be a tomb of King Nissanka Malla. The original plaster is still intact giving a glimpse of what the plastering of buildings looked like over 800 years ago.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Deepa Uyana ( Island Garden) of Polonnaruwa Kingdom – දීප උයන

An Island with remains of a ancient building

According to the accounts in the ancient texts, Deepa Uyana or the Island Garden would have been like no other. A grand garden complex – maybe even grander that the Great Parakramabahu’s palace complex.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with:

Parakramabahu Statue at Pothgul Vehera – පොත්ගුල් වෙහෙර (පරාක්‍රමබාහු) පිළිමය

statue of King Parakramabahu

This beautifully carved statue stands 11½ feet (3.5 meters) in height and carved in to a semi-circular rock. Popular belief is that this is the statue of king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) thus generally known as the Parakramabahu Statue. Another belief is that this is a statue of an Indian high priest (probably “Kapila” of “Pulasthi”). The long beard and the mustache, the hair, the clothing, and the body with a slightly large stomach are not what you would expect from a statue of a great king.

Posted in Heritage, Polonnaruwa

Parakrama Samudraya (The Sea of Parakrama) – පරාක්‍රම සමුද්‍රය

Parakrama Samudraya

This vast water reservoir was built by King Parakramabahu the great (1153-1186) and today what you see as the Parakrama Samudraya is only a portion of his original creation.Parakrama Samudraya originally consisted of five large reservoirs separated by smaller dams to reduce the pressure on the main dam.

Posted in Ancient Reservoirs, Heritage, Polonnaruwa Tagged with: , ,