Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka

“When the Guide of the World, having accomplished the salvation of the whole world and having reached the utmost stage of blissful rest, was lying on the bed of his nibbana; in the midst of the great assembly of gods, he, the great sage, the greatest of those who have speech, spoke to Sakka’ who stood there near him: `Vijaya, son of king Sihabahu, is come to Lanka from the country of Lala, together with seven hundred followers. In Lanka, O lord of gods, will my religion be established, therefore carefully protect him with his followers and Lanka.

“When the lord of gods heard the words of the Buddha he from respect handed over the guardianship of Lanka to the god who is in colour like the lotus. ”
from Mahavansa – The Great Chronicle of Sri Lanka

 

Ancient Capitals of Sri Lanka

Panduwasnuwara
Anuradhapura
Pollonaruwa
Dambadeniya
Yapahuwa
Kurunegala
Gampola
Kotte
Seethawaka
Kandy

 

 Historic and Heritage Sites

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

 A
 Abayagiriya Anuradhapura
 Adam’s Peak ( Sri Pada / Samanala Kanda )
Agbopura monastic site
Alahana Privena- Polonnaruwa
Alakeshwara Tombstone – Pittakotte
Algama Kanda Ancient Cave Temple- Kurunegala
Aliwatte Caves - Yatiyantota
Alu Viharaya- Matale
Aludeniya Viharaya – Gampola
Ambagamuwa Inscription – Nawalapitiya
Ambekke Devale - Udu Nuwara
Ambilla Raja Maha Viharaya – Matale
 Ambulugala Sri Danthapaya Rajamaha Viharaya [Sinhala] – Mawanella
 Ambulgama Raja Maha Viharaya – Hanwella
 Ambuluwawa – Gampola
 Ampitiya Purana Rajamaha Viharaya – Namunukula
 Appallagoda AmbalamaKandy District
 Arandora Fort
 Arankele Forest Monastery – Arankele – Ibbagamuwa
 Arippu Fort
 Arulmihu Sivasubramania Swami Kovil - Colombo City
 Asgiri Gedige Raja Maha Viharaya – Kandy City
 Asokaramaya (Pankuliya Buddha Statue) – Anuradhapura
 Ata Dahe Walawwa – Habaraduwa, Galle
 Atadage – Polonnaruwa
 Ath Pokuna – Anuradhapura
 Attanagalla Raja Maha Viharaya – Nittabuwa
 Awkana Buddha Statue Awkana, off Kakirawa
B
 Badda Sema Malakaya – Polonnaruwa
 Bahirawa Kanda – Kandy City
 Balana Fort 
 Balapitiya Purana Viharaya – Balapitiya
 Balapokuna Viharaya – Kirulapone
 Bambaragala Aranna – Teldeniya, off Kandy
 Bandagiriya Ancient Temple – Hambantota
 Batathota Lena - off Kuruwita, Ratnapura District
 Bathalagoda Tank – Kurunegala
 Beligala Raja Maha Viharaya – Balangoda
 Bellanwila Rajamaha Vihara – Bellanwila, Dehiwala
 Berendi Kovila – Sitawaka, off Awissawella
 Bodhirajarama (Angurukaramulla) Maha Viharaya – Negambo
 Bihalpola Rajamaha Viharaya – Narammala
 Biso Maligaya (Pancavasa) – Anuradhapura
 Biso Pokuna Complex at Galabadde – Monaragala
 Bodhinagala Forest Hermitage - Kalutara District
 Bogoda Bridge at Bogoda Raja Maha Viharaya - Bododa, off Haliela
 Buddhangala Monastery – Ampara
 Budugala Ruins – Kalthota – Rathanpura District
 Budugehinna Cave Temple - Off Galewela
 Budulena Rajamaha Viharaya – Ratnapura District
 Buduruwagala – Off Wellawaya, Monaragala District
 Buduruwayaya Archaeological Site – Off Bakamuna
 Burrows Pavilion – Anuradhapura
C
 Colombo Fort
D
 Dakkhina Stupa – Anuradhapura
 Dalada Maligawa (Temple of Tooth Relic) – Kandy City
 Dalada Maluwa - Polonnaruwa
 Dambakola Patuna Viharaya – Jaffna
 Dambadeniya Palace  –  Dambadeniya
 Dambulu Viharaya – Dambulla
 Damila Maha Seya (Stupa of Tamils) – Polonnaruwa
 Danthre Viharaya – Danthure , Yati Nuwara
 Dedigama Kota vehera Off Nelumdeniya, Kegalle District
 Deegavapi Stupa – Ampara District
 Deepaduttaramaya – Kotahena
 Deepa Uyana- Polonnaruwa
 Degaldoruva Raja Maha Vihara – Kandy District
 Delft Fort – Jaffna
 Delgamuwa Raja Maha Viharaya – Kuruwita
 Deliwala Kota Vehera – Off Rambukkana
 Dematamal Viharaya – Off Buttala , Monaragala District
 Devagiri Raja Maha Viharaya – Bingiriya
 Devagiri Raja Maha Viharaya -Uda Tambana, Monaragala
 Devinuwara Sri Vishnu Devale – Off Matara
 Devinuwara Raja Maha Viharaya - Off Matara
 Devram Vehera – Pannipitiya , Colombo District
 Dhakkhina Stupa – Anuradhapura
 Dimbulagala Raja Maha Viharaya – Dimbulagala
 Digavapiya – Ampara District
 Divulwewa Ancient Monastery – Horowpathana
 Dodanwela Devale - Yati Nuwara
 Dowa Raja Maha Viharaya – Off Bandarawela
 Dutch Reformed Church of Galle – Galle
E
 Ehelapola Vella and Ehelapola Tank – Ratnapura
 Elamaldeniya Raja Maha Viharaya – Pitabaddara
 Elephant Pass Fort- Jaffna
 Embekke Devale – Udu Nuwara
 Eth Pokuna – Anuradhapura
F
 Fa Hien Gala (Pahiyangala) Caves – Yatagampitiya, Klutara District
 Fort Beschutter – Elephant Pass
 Fort Hammenhiel – Jaffna
 Fort Macdowall- Matale
 Fort Pyl – Elephant Pass
G
 Gadaladeniya Temple – Udu Nuwara
 Gal AmbalamaKotte
 Gal Amuna (Stone anicut) in Elahera
 Gal massa (Maliyadeva Guharamaya) of Padavigampola – off Rambukkana
 Gal Palama (Stone bridges) - Anuradhapura
 Gal Potha (Stone Book) – Polonnaruwa
 Gal Viharaya (Rock Temple) - Polonnaruwa
 Galapatha Raja Maha Vihara – Benthara
 Galgane (Galge) at Dondra – Devinuwara, Matara District
 Galgane Viharaya ( Hendeniya Viharaya ) – Udu Nuwara
 Galle Fort - Galle
 Galmaduwa Viharaya – Kandy District
 Garrison Cemetery – Kandy City
 Gatabaru Raja Maha Viharaya – off Akuressa, Matara District
 Girihandu Seya – Tiriyaya
 Giritale Tank – Giritale
 Godamunne Ambalama – Kandy District
 Gonagiri Rajamaha Viharaya- Kahatagasdigiliya
 Gopala Pabbatha – Polonnaruwa
 Gotha Pabbatha Rajamaha Vihara – Godavaya, Amblalanthota
H
 Habessa Ruins - Okkampitiya
Haldummulla Portuguese Fort – Haldummulla
 Halmillawa Chandrasara Forest Hermitage – Halmillawa ,Tambuttegama
 Handagala Kanda Ancient Cave Temple - Kebithigollewa
 Hanwella / Gurubewila Fort – Hanwella
 Hatthikucchi - Mahagalkadawala
 Hendeniya Viharaya (Galgane Viharaya) - Udu Nuwara
 Hetadage - Polonnaruwa
 Hindagala Raja Maha Viharaya – Kandy
 Hollombuwa Ancient Cave Temple – Sthreepura
 Humbuluwa Raja Maha Viharaya – Kurunegala District
I
 Ibbagala Rajamaha Viharaya – Kurunegala
 Ilupandeniya Rajamaha Viharaya - Godapola – Kandy
 Isinbassagala Ruwangiri Rajamaha Viharaya -Medawachchiya
 Isurumuniya Viharaya (Meghagiri Viharaya) – Anuradhapura
J
 Jaffna Fort – Jaffna
 Japanese Peace Pagoda in Ampara
 Japanese Peace Pagoda in Roomassala
 Jethavana Viharaya ( Jethavana Temple) - Anuradhapura
K
 Kabbella Lena Cave Temple – Wariyapola
 Kadiragala Raja Maha Viharaya - (Sinhala) Wariyapola
 Kadugannawa Ambalama - Kadugannawa
 Kadurugoda Purana Viharaya – Jaffna
 Kahandawa Raja Maha Viharaya – Mirigama
 Kalpitiya fort – Kalpitiya
 Kaludiya Pokuna – Kandalama, Dambulla
 Kalugala Arannanaya – Baduraliya
 Kalutara Bodhi – Kalutara
 Kalutara Fort – Kalutara
 Kande Viharaya – Aluthgama
 Kande Viharaya - Haputale
 Kandegama Kanda Lena Viharaya - Aranaganwila
 Kantarodai Viharaya - Jaffna
 Kandy Lake (Nuwara weva) - Kandy
 Kasagala Rajamaha Viharaya – Kurunegala
 Kataragama Devale - Kataragama
 Kataragama Devale - Kandy
 Karagahagedara Ambalama – Kandy District
 Karathana Gal Len Viharaya – Wariyapola
 Katuwana Fort- Katuwana
 Kayts Island Fort- Jaffna
 Kalaniya Raja Maha Viharaya - Kelaniya
 Kele Dambulla – Rambukkana
 Kele Devale (Sinhala) – Kundasale
 Kengalla Ambalama – Kengalla – close to Digana
 Kinihirikanda Rajamaha Viharaya – Kekirawa
 Kiri Vehera - Kataragama
 Kiri Vehera - Polonnaruwa
 Kirinda Raja Maha Viharaya – Kirinda
 Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe Rajamaha Vihara – Rambukkana
 Kithulpe Raja Maha Viharaya (sinhala) – Hanguranketha
 Koddiyar Fort- Trincomalee
 Koduruwapola Raja Maha Viharaya - Kurunegala District
 Koneswaram temple (Kovil) – Trincomalee
 Korathota Raja Maha Viharaya – Kaduwela, Colombo District
 Kotamudungala Raja Maha Viharaya – Molagoda
 Kothduwa Purana Raja Maha Viharaya – Madu Ganga
 Kottimbulwala Raja Maha Vihara – Balangoda
 Kuda Gal Viharaya (Small Rock Temple) - Polonnaruwa
 Kudumbigala Monastery – Panama
 Kumara Ella Archaeological Reserve – Elahera
 Kuragala Rock Cave – Kalthota
 Kushta Raja Gala- Weligama
 Kuttam Pokuna (Twin Ponds) - Anuradhapura
L
 Lahugala Kota Vehera – Lahugala
 Lahugala Magul Maha Viharaya – Lahugala
 Lankapatuna Samudragiri Viharaya – Trincomalee
 Lankaramaya - Anuradhapura
 Lankathilaka Gedige (Image House) - Polonnaruwa
 Lankatilake Raja Maha Viharaya – Udu Nuwara
 Lenawara Rajamaha Viharaya – Horana
 Lendora Raja Maha Vihara – Balangoda
 Lihiniyagala Len Viharaya – Walapane
 Lovamahapaya - Anuradhapura
M
 Madawala Stone Inscription – Madawala – Kandy District
 Maddegama Raja Maha Viharaya – Urapola – Gampaha District
 Madukanda temple – Vavuniya
 Madunagala Viharaya – Ambalantota
 Maduwa Pattini Devale- Madu Ganga
 Maduwanwela Mudalinalage Aramaya – Maduwanwela
 Maduwanwela Wallawwa - Maduwanwela
 Magul Maduwa (Audience Hall) – Kandy
 Magul Maha Viharaya – Lahugala
 Mahaweli Maha Seya (Kothmale Maha Seya) – Kothmale
 Mahiyangana Raja Maha Viharaya - Mahiyanganaya
 Makulatenna Raja Maha Vihara - Mahawela, Matale
 Maligatenne ( Nuwaragalkande) – Dambulla
 Maligatenne Raja Maha Viharaya – Gampaha
 Maligawila Buddha Statues – Buttala
 Maliyadeva Guharamaya (Gal massa) of Padavigampola – Rambukkana
 Malwana Fort- Malwana
 Malwatu Maha Vihara - Kandy
 Maragala Gallenagoda Len Viharaya – Madampe
 Mani Naga Pabbatha Viharaya – Sastrawela, Panama
 Maniyangama Raja Maha Viharaya - Avissawella
 Mannar fort - Mannar
 Mapagala Fortress (Ruins of) - Sigiriya
 Martello tower - Hambantota
 Matara fort – Matara
 Mawaragala forest monastery – Dambana
 Mawela Walagamba Len Viharaya [Si] - Pahala Kadugannawa
 Medawala Rajamaha Viharaya [Si] – Medawala, Kandy
 Meepe Ambalama- Meepe
 Meghagiri Viharaya (Isurumuniya Vihara) – Anuradhapura
 Menik Rajamaha Viharaya – Debarawewa
 Menik Vehera – Polonnaruwa
 Menikdena Archiological Reserve – Dambulla
 Menikkadawara Fort - Dedigama
 Medirigiriya Vatadage – Medirigiya
 Mihinthale
 Mirisavatiya Dagaba – Anuradhapura
 Moonstone – 2 – Anuradhapura
 Muhudu Maha Viharaya – Pottuvil
 Mulkirigala – Hambanthota District
 Mullattivu Fort
 Mutiyangana Raja Maha Viharaya – Badulla
 Muwapitiya Tempita Viharaya – Rambukkana
 Myella Kanda Ancient Cave Temple – Monaragala
N
 Naga Pabbata Monastary (Bambaragastalawa) – Kumana [Si]
 Naga Vimanaya (Sri Naga Viharaya) – Kandy
 Nagadipa Viharaya – Jaffna
 Nagalakanda Mahasen Monastery – Minneriya
 Nagapooshani Amman Kovil – Nagadeepa Island
 Nagolla Raja Maha Viharaya – off Pothuhara
 Nagolla Aramaya – Off Galewela
 Naindanawa Rajamaha Viharaya – Polpithigama, Kurunegala
 Naipena Viharaya (Vishnu Kovil – no 4) – Polonnaruwa
 Nakuleswaram Kovil – Jaffna
 Nalanda Gedige – Matale
 Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil – Jaffna
 Namal Pokuna Raja Maha Viharaya – Dimbulagala
 Namal Uyana – Dambulla
 Nandimithra Raja Maha Viharaya – Pallama, chillaw
 Natha Devalaya – Kandy
 Nawagamuwa Devale (Sri Sugathabimbaramaya)
 Nedun Raja Maha Vihara – Kuruwita
 Neelagiri Maha Seya – Lahugala
 Negombo fort
 Nelum Pokuna (Lotus Pond) – Polonnaruwa
 Nillaggama Bodhigaraya – Kurunegala District
 Nissanka Latha Mandapaya – Polonnaruwa
 Nissanga Malla Audience Hall – Polonnaruwa
 Nittawela Rajamaha Viharaya - Kandy
 Niyamgampaya Viharaya – Gampola
 Nuwaragala Kanda (Maligatenna) Ruins – Dambulla
 Nuwarakanda Purana rajamaha viharaya – Wariyapola
O
Olumadu Buddhist Ruins - Ampakamam
 Oth-pilimaya – Polonnaruwa
P
 Pabalu Vehera – Polonnaruwa
 Padeniya Raja Maha Viharaya
 Padikemgala Ancient Buddhist monastery- Hambanthota
 Pahiyangala (Fa Hien Gala) Caves
 Palace of King Nissanga Malla – Polonnaruwa
 Palace of King Parakramabahu – Polonnaruwa
 Palace of King Vijayabahu I – Anuradhapura
 Palace of the Kandyan Kingdom - Kandy
 Palkumbura Raja Maha Viharaya - Kandy
 Panapitiya Ambalama – Narammala, Kurunegala
 Pancavasa (Biso Maligaya) – Anuradhapura
 Pankuliya Buddha Statue (Asokaramaya) – Anuradhapura
 Pannipitiye Devram Vehera
 Parakrama Samudraya – Polonnaruwa
 Parakramabahu (King) Statue – Polonnaruwa
 Paramakanda Cave Temple – Anamaduwa
 Pashchimarama Rajamaha Viharaya – Debarawewa
 Pathahawatte Rajamaha Viharaya – Bandaragama
 Pattini Devale - Kandy
 Pattini Devale – Maduwa
 Paurukanda Punchi Sripada – Mathugama
 Pidurangala Rajamaha Viharaya – Sigiriya
 Pelmadulla Raja Maha Viharaya – Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District
 Pilikuththuwa Raja Maha Vihara – Yakkala
 Pillaiyar Kovil – Kandy
 Piyangalu Raja Maha Viharaya – Dambulla
 Place where King Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe was Captured – Medamahanuwara
 Point Padro Lighthouse
 Pokunuwita Rajamaha Viharayaya – Horana
 Pooneryn fort
 Pothgul Vehera (Pothgul Temple) – Polonnaruwa
 Pothgul Vehera Statue – Polonnaruwa
 Prasada Stupa ( Indikatu Seya) – Anuradhapura
 Pulligoda Galge Frescos – Dimbulagala
 Pulinatalaramaya – Kalutara
 Pulukunava Raja Maha Viharaya (Pulukunava Caves and Ancient Ruins – Ampara
 Pusulpitiya Viharaya – Pusulpitiya – Kothmale
Q
 Queen’s Pavillion (bathing house) – Kandy
R
 Rahatunagala – Buttala
 Rajagala Viharaya – Ampara
 Rajapihilla – Kandy
 Ramakele Stupa – Sigiriya
 Ramba Rajamaha Viharaya – Hambanthota
 Rambadagalla Vihara – Kurunegala
 Ran Avuda Mandapa – Kandy
 Rankoth Vehera – Polonnaruwa
 Ranmasu Uyana ( Royal Goldfish Park) – Anuradhapura
 Ras Vehera (Sesuruwa)
 Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pas Visu Rajamaha Viharaya – Ratnapura
 Rathna Prasada (Jewel Palace) – Anuradhapura
 Ratnapura Fort
 Refectory of Abayagiri – Anuradhapura
 Relic Shrine in Abayagiri Monastery – Anuradhapura
 Richmond Castle – Kalurara
 Ridi Viharaya – Kurunegala
 Ritigala Aramic Complex Ruins
 Royal Court of king Parakramabahu – Polonnaruwa
 Royal Pond of King Parakramabahu – Polonnaruwa
 Ruwanweli Maha Seya - Anuradhapura
 Ruwanwella Fort and Ambalama- Ruwanwella
S
 Salgala forest monastery – Off Warakapola
 Samadhi Buddha Statue – Anuradhapura
 Samadhi Buddha Statue 2 and Bodhighara- Anuradhapura
 Samadhi Buddha Statue 3 and Bodhighara - Anuradhapura
 Saman Devale – Ratnaputa
 Samangala Cave Temple (Ancient) – Ampara
 Sandagirigodella – Tissamaharama
 Sandagiriya Stupa – Tissamaharama
 Sangamuwa Viharaya – Gokarella
 Sankapala Raja Maha Viharaya – Pallebedda
 Sathmahal Pasadaya – Polonnaruwa
 Seenigama Devale – Seenigama, Hikkaduwa
 Seetha Amman Temple - Nuwara Eliya
 Seethakanda Ancient Monastery – Monaragala
 Senanigala Raja Maha Vihara - Dehiattakandiya
 Seruwila Mangala Maha Chethiya (Seruwila Raja Maha Viharaya) – Seruwilla
 Sesuruwa (Ras Vehera)  – Off Kekirawa
 Shailatharama Rajamaha Viharaya – Karandeniya
 Shastraravinda Pirivena – Gokarella
 Shiva Kovil (number 1) - Polonnaruwa
 Shiva Kovil (number 2) - Polonnaruwa
 Shiva Kovil (number 3) And Gansh Kovil - Polonnaruwa
 Shiva Kovil (number 4) - Polonnaruwa
 Shiva Kovil (number 5) - Polonnaruwa
 Sigiriya Rock Fortress and Ancient Palace Complex – Sigiriya
 Siththamgallena Raja Maha Viharaya – Walasmulla
 Silumini Seya - Aranaganwila
 Sita Amman Hindu Temple - Seetha Eliya, Nuwara Eliya
 Sita Kotuwa – Gurulupotha
 Sitawaka Fort and the palace of King Rajasinghe 1 – Avissawella
 Sithulpawwa Rajamaha Viharaya - Yala
 Somawathi Chethiya – Somawathi
 Somawathiya – Dambulla
 Sorabora Wewa – Mahiyanganaya
 Sri Dalada Maligawa – Temple of the Tooth Relic - Kandy
 Sri Kalyanarama Purana Maha Viharaya – Kaluwamodara
 Sri Maha Bodhi (The sacred Bo-Tree) – Anuradhapura
 Sri Mahindaramaya – Meeduma
 Sri Pada –  Holy Mountain – Sri Pada
 Sri Sugathabimbaramaya (Nawagamuwa Devale) - Nawagamuwa
 Sri Sumangala Pirivena Raja Maha Viharaya – Wariyapola
 St. Anne’s Church -Talawila
 Star fort at Matara
 Sthreepura Cave – Eratna
 Stone Book (Gal Potha)- Polonnaruwa
 Stone bridges (Gal Palama) - Anuradhapura
 Sunethradevi Maha Pirivena – Pepiliyana
 Suriyagoda Viharaya – Yati Nuwara
T
 Tangalle fort
 Tantirimale Rajamaha Viharaya – Tantirimale
 Tapovana Monastery – Anuradhapura
 Telulla Archaeological Site – near Bundala
 Temple of Tooth Relic - Kandy
 Thalaguru Rajamaha Viharaya – Galkulama
 Thiruketheeswaram Kovil – Mannar
 Thivanka Image House – Polonnaruwa
 Thuparama – Anuradhapura
 Thuparama Image House – Polonnaruwa
 Tiriyaya – Girihandu Seya
 Tissa Wewa – Tissamaharama
 Tissamaharamaya – Tissamaharama
 Tomb of Pussadeva - Pallebedda
 Tomb of Rajasinghe 1 of Sitawake – Avissawella
 Tonigala Inscriptions - Anamaduwa
 Totagamu Raja Maha Viharaya – Telwatta
 Tsunami Honganji Viharaya – Paraliya
 Twin Ponds (Kuttam Pokuna) – Anuradhapura
U
 Uttara Mula of Abayagiri Monastery - Anuradhapura
V
 Vakaneri (Ancient Buddhist Ruins) - Valaichchena
 Vallahagoda Devale – Gampola
 Varana Rajamaha Viharaya – Yakkala
 Vatadage (The Stupa-house) of – Polonnaruwa
 Vegiriya Temple and Devalaya – Gampola
 Vessagiriya – Anuradhapura
 Viharahinna Ruins – off Galewela
 Vilgam Vehera – Trincomaleee
 Vijithapura Raja Maha Viharaya – Kalawewa
 Vishnu Devalaya - Kandy
 Vishnu Kovil (no 2) – Polonnaruwa
 Vishnu Kovil (no 4) – Naipena Viharaya – Polonnaruwa
W
 Walalgoda Tampita Viharaya – off Panamure
 Wasala Walauwa - Tangalle
 Wattarama Rajamaha Viharaya – Siyambalanduwa
 Weboda Gallen Raja Maha Viharaya – Gampaha
 Weherahena Viharaya – Matara
 Weijantha Prasada – Polonnaruwa
 Wewurukannala Vihara – Dikwella
 Wijayasundararamaya - Dambadeniya
Y
 Yatagala Raja Maha Viharaya – Galle
 Yatala Vehera – Tissa
 Yudaganawa – Buttala

 

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