Udawatta Kele Sanctuary – උඩවත්ත කැලේ

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Udawatta Kele - Pus Wela

Udawatta Kele – Pus Wela
licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 by Nyanatusita Bhikkhu

The lush forest cover of Udawatta Kele Sanctuary behind Sri Dalada Maligawa in Kandy has a long history dating back to many centuries. It was declared Tahansikele or forbidden forest by the Sinhala kings who ascended the throne when Kandy became the capital city.

It was a royal forest reserve where no one was allowed to venture. Located close to Sri Dalada Maligawa and the royal palace in this verdant jungle where among trees, creepers, lichen, mosses, ferns, grasses, fungi, and bacteria are found in abundance.

The forest remained impenetrable for over many centuries where wild boar, monkey, hare, squirrel scaly anteater, porcupine, and reptiles, monitor lizard, tortoise and varieties of birds, worms and insects live in perfect harmony with nature.

Udawatta Kele

Udawatta Kele
licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 by Nyanatusita Bhikkhu

The pond in the heart of the jungle was the place where queens in the past bathed and used as their pleasure garden. At times of war, kings always used the forest for their defense against attacks and very often they escaped through the heavy foliage to a safer place.

In the past elephants, elk, and leopard roamed freely among tall giant trees and hanging creepers. The leaves that fell from trees and creepers on the ground keep the surface moist after intermittent showers.

Throughout history the atmosphere around Udawattekale evoked a certain feeling of mysterious nature. The noise of cicadas makes the mystery deeper creating reverence and awe.

The Asgiri Upatha the historical record describes how Udawattekele became a forest reserve when the ancient village, Senkadagala was chosen as one of the early settlements in the country.

According to this historical record, the first settlement was founded during the rule of Gajabahu of Anuradhapura (114 -136 AC). There is a reference to the Maha Thera Palabathgala Wanaratana of the lineage of Dimbulagala Dipankara Thero who brought four other bhikshus to Senkadagala during the rule of Panditha Parakramabahu of Kurunegala.

The Pothos or Devil's Ivy, Epipremnum aureum, creeper from the Salomon Islands poses the second major foreign invasive threat to the natural ecosystem. Without their natural enemies (diseases, insects or animals that feed on them) these grow and multiply rapidly, blocking light for other species underneath.

The Pothos or Devil’s Ivy, Epipremnum aureum, creeper from the Salomon Islands poses the second major foreign invasive threat to the natural ecosystem. Without their natural enemies (diseases, insects or animals that feed on them) these grow and multiply rapidly, blocking light for other species underneath.
licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 by Isuru Senevi

However, King Wickremabahu of Gampola is popularly believed to be the founder of the city of Senkadagala who built his palace on a site carved out of Udawattekele. It is for this reason that the name Udawasalawatta was called Udawattekele, to this day.

Udawattekele was the watershed for the streams that fed the Natha Devale paddy fields, which were later made into form the present Kandy Lake. There ware streams of water that flow down even to this day from Udawattekele. ” This forest possesses scenic beauty of Kandy town” says Nihal Karunaratne in his account given in his text Udawattekele.

John Still has described Udawattekele” ” This forest is a very wet one and consequently very dense and much of it is bound into an unbelievably impregnable tangle by creeping bamboo whose long tendrils hard and then as telegraph wire from a mesh difficult for men to enter unless he can cut his way painfully yard by yard.”

Many writers have described the view from Udawattekele in a glowing manner. The picturesque setting with its thick foliage had stirred their imagination to describe at length when one of them said: ” the early morning dew glistens like a million jets as the rays of the sun break through the trees”.

When the morning mist gently clears from the placid water of the pond in the middle of the forest glade, the shrill call of a bird from the nearby tree or a croak of a frog may disturb the stillness of the surroundings.

One can notice a monitor lizard swim lazily catching a glimpse of a prey in the water, disturbed by its movement a blue kingfisher flashes across with its widespread wings when it failed to catch a fish.

With this panorama peace and tranquility continue to prevail throughout this panoramic kingdom of fauna and flora.

Udawattekele is the only forest in the world found bordering a city. With the expansion of the city it has been reduced to the present size.

The change taking place outside continues to effect the serenity and charm of the forest while it continues to remain as a forbidden forest –

“thahanchikele.”
Source Udawattekele by Naihal Karunaratne.

By D.B.Kappagoda
Daily Mirror

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Traveling Directions to Udawatta Kele Sanctuary

Route from Colombo to Kandy

Route From Nuwara Eliya to Kandy

Though : kadawata - Warakapola - Ambepussa - Mawanella
Distance :120 km
Travel time : 3.5 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Though : Hawaeliya - Ramboda - Pussellawa - Gampola
Distance :73 km
Travel time : 2.0 hours
Driving directions : see on google map

Route From Galle to Kandy

Though : Southern Highway - Panadura - Avissawella - Kegalle - Kandy
Distance :230 km
Travel time : 5 hours
Driving directions : see on google map

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