Springs are classified as natural, thermal and mineral, according to the chemical composition of its waters. Some of these natural springs are large in size which is referred to as “Bubula” in rural areas. They are mainly distributed in areas…
Panaliya Gotabhaya Gallen Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient cave temple believed to be built by king Gotabhaya who ruled the Ruhunu kingdom in the 2nd century BC on a 400 feet high rocky outcrop 5km off Polgahawela towards Rambukkana.
Vilbawa Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient cave temple on a 200 feet high rocky outcrop 5km off Kurunegala. In dating this site, the oldest artifact which has been found at this site is a pre brami cave inscription which has been dated to late pre Christian era or early Christian era.
Koradoluwa Mayuraselarama Viharaya lies on a rocky outcrop in Polgahawela DS about 6.5 km from the town. According to folklore, this rocky plateau had a large imprint of a peacock thus was called Monaragala in earlier times. Most of the…
Seruwagala Purana Viharaya lies on a large rock plain covering an area of over 50 acres. Current temple at the site goes back to the Kandyan Era but according to folklore this temple has been built during the period of king Walagamba. However no evidence to backup this can be found today.
Alawwa Maligagodella is a rather unknown site with ruins on a rocky outcrop 3.5km off Alawwa town. The area is scattered with ruins of number of ancient buildings.
According to the historic Algama Sannasa, Sri Sangharaja Rajamaha Viharaya has been re built and granted to Weliwita Sri Saranankara Sangaraja Thero by Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe in 2341 BE (1797 CE).
Dambadeniya Metiyagane Mayurawathi Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient cave temple on the Dambadeniya – Narammala road just 4 km from Dambadeniya. Based on the dating of inscriptions found at the temple the history of the temple goes at least back to the 1st century.
This historic Jack tree known as the Kadawatha Kos Gasa is the only reminder of the entrance to the Kandyan Kingdom through the Balana route. Historic documents states that the tax officers of the king used to rest under this tree.
An unappreciated cave hidden along the railway line and close to the Ihalakotte Station where the great Sangaraja Welivita Sri Saranankara Thero lived as an young samanera after the death of his teacher was killed by king Narendrasinghe
The mountain range of Nathagane had acted as a Monastery, Temple, Fortification and a place complex since the 2nd-3rd century BC. A large number of caves can be found with remains of ancient buildings at this mountain range.
Hambegamuwa Purana Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient viharaya adjoining Hambegamuwa reservoir with a large ancient stupa and stone ruins of an ancient Aramaic complex.
Mattagoda Galekade Ambalama lies close to the Ambagahaspitiya and Aweriyawela ambalamas in Gampaha District. It is a fairly large brick and mortar structure with a inner chamber and a surrounding corridor. Plain square and cylindrical pillars hold the roof. A half height wall is built around the inner chamber with an opening for the entrance at the front.
Amunugoda Ambalama at Gampaha is a 13 feet x 13 feet brick and mortar structure with seven brick pillars holding the roof. All the pillars are plain and carries no artwork. A half height wall is built around the building with an opening for the entrance at the front.
Galmaduwa Sulugulu Purana Viharaya is an ancient temple of belonging to the Anuradhapura era in Mihinthale hidden deep inside the country. An unrestored stupa mound and number of ancient artifacts is an indication of the age of this site.
The 1000 year old ancient Na (Ironwood) tree (naga bodhi) at Parakaduwa Bodhimaluwa Sri Nagabodhi Viharaya is said to be planted by king Mahinda V in 1025.
Mathurata Wattaramthanne Purana Viharaya is hidden ancient temple off Mathurata on the route to Mandaramnuwara with some unique stone carvings not found anywhere else,
A stone Pinthaliya which was kept by the roads filled with water for the wary travellers during the times of kings. The Pinthaliya at Wataddara stands right opposite the Wataddara Ganekanda Sri Sumanarama Purana Viharaya.
Balabowa is a small town between Minuwangoda and Veyangoda in Gampaha District. This is a brick and mortar structure with four brick pillars holding the roof. All the pillars are plain and carries no artwork. A half height wall is built around the building with an opening for the entrance at the front.
Kossinna is a small town between Kadawatha and Ganemulla in Gampaha District. This is a brick and mortar structure with seven brick pillars holding the roof. All the pillars are plain and carries no artwork. A half height wall is built around the building with an opening for the entrance at the front.
Bulugahagoda is a small town between Ragama and Ganemulla in Gampaha District. The Bulugahagoda Ambalama is an way side rest believed to be built about 100 years ago. An Ambalama is a place constructed for pilgrims, traders and travelers to rest or spend the night in the ancient Sri Lanka.
Murukkuwatawana is a remote village lying on the Tabbowa – Miyellawa road surrounded by jungle from all four sides. The ancient temple complex at Murukkuwatawana lies at the center of a large rocky outcrop adjoining the village.
Diyabate Purana Viharaya lies between Yapahuwa and Madagalla on the Maho – Madagalla Road. Turning right at Konwewa and traveling 2 km will bring you to this desolated temple complex built at the bottom of a massive rock at Diyabate.…
The conserved site of Meewalapathaha Archaeological Reserve lies resides in and around the Meewalapathaja Purana Chaithaya Wardhanaramaya temple. The site consist of a a preserved ancient stupa built on a square platform. A stone slab flower alter and other granite artifacts found during the excavations can be seen displayed around the stupa.
Maha Andarawewa Archaeological Reserve at the Andarawewa Walagamba Rajamaha Viharaya lies on the Puttalam – Galgamuwa road, close to Nawagattegama. The site is 42km away from Puttalam and 19 km away from Galgamuwa.
Galgodiyana is an island off Matara lying less than 200 meters off land with ruins of a Stupa and a mystic entrance built with boulders. These structures has been built by a Thai prince who had taken up robes in Sri Lanka in late 19th century.
Buttala Yatiyallathota Kutumbala Rajamaha Viharaya is believed to be during the reign of Mahanaga, brother of king Devanampiatissa (250-210 BC). One of the two large stupa still remains as mound of earth while a new stupa has been built on top of the other.
The Tampita Viharaya at the Eethanawatta Purana Viharaya is built upon 12 granite pillars. A narrow circumambulating path around the main chamber can be seen. The outer wall of the inner chamber is covered in paintings. Entrance to the chamber is through a finely decorated Makara Throrana (Dragon Arch).
Walagamba Purana Viharaya in Gonaganara in Buttala is an ancient temple scatted with ruins of the ancient civilization in Rohana area. The temple is hidden deep inside Buttala on the Sella Kataragama road.
Katugahagalge Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient cave temple with its origin going back to pre christian era with some unique features including a Nissanka Gau Inscription pillar,
Mullegama Mulgirigala Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient cave temple with inscriptions recording donations to maha sanga which has been dated to 1st – 3rd centuries BC.
At the ancient temple at Unambuwa, you will find a Tampita Viharaya built during the Kandyan era. A Tampita Viharaya is a structure built on a wooden platform which rests on number of stone stumps usually 3-4 feet tall.
Mangedara is a small Tampita Viharaya built during the Kandyan era which still maintains its original charm. The temple lies few kilometers from Ambepussa junction and is accessible from either Kurunegala road or Kandy road.
In the middle of lush green paddy fields of Bothale lies an dilapidated Ambalama neglected by the authorities. The history of the Bothale village goes back to times of King Gothabaya (253-266 AD) of Anuradhapura kingdom.
Ranwala Purana Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient temple with a Tampita Viharaya hidden just few hundred meters away from the Colombo Kandy road just before the Kegalle town.
Although quite small, the image house of Badalkumbura Veheragoda Purana Rajamaha Viharaya looks as a art gallery in a time capsule. The entrance to the image house is made of a heavy wooden door frame. The top bar of the frame shows some carvings. A blue paint has been used to paint the door and its frame.
Maminiyawa Purana Rajamaha Viharaya is located in front of ‘Maminiyawa Wewa’ which is one of the six biggest reservoirs built by King Mahasen. Name of this sacred place is mentioned as ‘Surulu Maminiyawa’ in the book of ‘Nampotha’ which contains the names of ancient temples and fanes (Devale) in Sri Lanka.
A small stupa and remains of a retaining wall around the stupa located on a rock platform is found at the Hambegamuwa Aluthwewa Kotavehera site. Near the Dagoba is a circle carved on the rock of about 3½ feet in diameter.
A rocky plateau called Arambekema by the Kalthota – Thanamalwila road in Hambegamuwa with some ancient Buddhist ruins and a large picturesque natural rock pool that never dries up even during droughts,
Kukurampola Kukuluwa Rajamaha Viharaya consists of a ancient dilapidated stupa, now resembling a mound of earth. You will find a number of granite artifacts from the ancient temple gathered around this stupa.
The first thing which comes in to mind when you speak about Palwatta is the massive Sugar Plantation. However thousands of years ago this area was a thriving Buddhist community with temples dotting the landscape. There are 3 ancient rajamaha…
Pelwatta Sri Devagiriya Rajamaha Viharaya is an ancient temple with ancient granite pillars belonging to at least buildings, various differently shaped and sized flower alters carved out rock can be seen scattered around the temple.
An ancient temple with ancient granite pillars belonging to at least buildings, various differently shaped and sized flower alters carved out rock can be seen scattered around the temple.
Unawatuna is small town on the Wellawaya – Buttala road belonging the Buttala Divisional Secretary’s Division. There are several folklores regarding how this area got its name. One folklore goes back to the time of king Mahanaga who ruled the…
Wellawaya Kinkini Rajamaha Viharaya covers a large area scattered with various artifacts belonging to an ancient era. The archeological remains of a stupa , and stone columns of many other buildings is believed to be belongs to the era of King Walagamba (89-77 BC).
Handapangala is today synonymous with wild elephants due the elephant corridor but thousands of years ago this area was a thriving Buddhist community with temples dotting the landscape. Handapangala lies 10 km off Wellawaya and 25 km off Thanamalwila on…
Deep in the jungles in Ethiliwewa off Handapangala, lies the Weherayaya 3rd Sector Archaeological Reserve with the ruins of an ancient temple complex. Monolithic stone pillars some still standing on their original place, broken pillars, scatter this land indicating a floreshing temple in the Ruhunu kingdom.
Weherayaya Sri Gangarama Rajamaha Viharaya is a modern Pirivena built on top of an ancient monastery. Ruins of the ancient era now lies scattered among the new buildings.
Kokabe Archaeological Reserve has been dated to pre christian era and lies off the beaten track far way from civilization and pilgrim routes in the jungles off Horowpathana.
Bentota Bemvehera Gane Rajamaha Viharaya is one of the five temples which belonged to the Bentota Rajamaha Viharaya which was built during the king Devanampiyatissa.