Tag: forts

Delft Island in Jaffna – ඩෙල්ෆ්ට් දූපත

Wild Ponies of Delft Island in Jaffna

The whole island of Delft is built on coral and limestone. The island is a typical remote Sri Lankan village. Simple housed built of coral and limestone, laid-back life and the most popular form of transport is bicycle.

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Ratnapura Dutch Fort – රත්නපුර ලන්දේසි බලකොටුව

remains of Pooneryn fort

The Dutch Fort at Ratnapura lies on the area covering the current police station which covers 10 archeological protected buildings in this small hillock.

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Arippu Fort – අරිප්පු බලකොටුව

What remains of the Arippu Fort

Arippu Fort is a small two bastion fort built by the Portuguese just before the causeway at Arippu. This fort was handed over to the Dutch in 1658 after the fall of Mannar. This fort again changed hands to the British.

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Dutch fort at Mullaitivu – මුලතිවු බලකොටුව

Ruins of what is thought to be part of the ancient fort of Mullathivu

The fort at Mullaitivu was built by the Dutch in 1715 was originally a small wooden structure, in 1721 a quadrangular fort of earth-work has been erected. The English had rebuilt it during the British occupation of the island.

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Tangalle fort – තංගල්ල බලකොටුව

remains of Pooneryn fort

The Fort at Tangalle was built by the Dutch overlooking the sea on a slope above the bay. The fort is now converted to a prison and lost most of it original shape.

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Star Fort of Matara – මාතර තාරකා කොටුව

Entrance to the Star Fort Star Fort of Matara

This Star Fort was built to an unique shape of an six pointed star with space for 12 large cannons to cover approaches from all directions. On the arch of the main entrance the year 1765 is embossed (year of construction) along with the VOC emblem and the coat of arms of Governor Van Eck.

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Sitawaka Fort and the Palace of Rajasinghe I – සීතාවක මාලිගාව සහ බලකොටුව

Sitawaka Fort and the Palace of Rajasinghe I

The ruins of the Sitawaka Fort and the palace of King Rajasinghe 1 can be seen by the side of the Avissawella – Panawala road — this being the same route to the Maniyangama Raja Maha Viharaya.

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Dutch Fort of Ruwanwella – රුවන්වැල්ල බලකොටුව

Fort of Ruwanwella

With regard to the Ruwanwella Fort, it is said that the Portuguese, in the 1590s, had a fortified base camp here and the Dutch, in 1665, built a wooden fort here but abandoned it a few years later.

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Ratnapura Portuguese Fort – රත්නපුර පෘතුගීසි බලකොටුව

Ratnapura Portuguese Fort lies on the grounds of the Maha Saman Devalaya which was destroyed by the Portuguese around 1618-20. This fort was destroyed By King Rajasinghe II (1635 – 1687) of Kandyan Kingdom

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Pooneryn Fort – පූනරීන් බලකොටුව

remains of Pooneryn fort

Pooneryn Fort was built in the north portion of the island first by the Portuguese to protect its possessions in Jaffna, it was expanded by the Dutch till in 1770.

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Negombo Fort – මීගමුව බලකොටුව

Negombo Fort

The Portuguese fort that stood where the current Negombo Fort is situated was mostly destroyed by cannon during the Dutch siege in 1644. The Dutch fort was built on its ruins, not on the usual square pattern, but on a pentagonal one, though it had only four bulwarks. The fifth one was never bui

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Menikkadawara Fort of the Portuguese – මැණික්කඩවර බලකොටුව

This original rare old antique engraved print from: “Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën” by François Valentyn / Valentijn, published in 1724-1726. l source : lankapura.com

Archeology Department board of the Fort at Menikkadawara, stood on the side of the road, but hardly was there any other indication of an ancient site.A few shops and a sub post office made a very tiny bazaar.

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Matara Fort – මාතර බලකොටුව

Matara Fort

The old town of Matara is located on a land tongue between the ocean and a green lagoon, and is protected on the landside by Matara Fort, a 13 meter thick, 5 meter high rampart. On all other sides it is unprotected apart from the natural barrier of the water.

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Mannar Fort – මන්නාරම් බලකොටුව

Mannar Fort

Built on the island of Mannar in Sri Lanka by the Portuguese in 1560, Mannar Fort surrendered to the Dutch on 22 February 1658 and was rebuilt by the Dutch in 1696. On 5 October 1795 the Dutch surrendered to the British.

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Katuwana Dutch Fort – කටුවන බලකොටුව

Katuwana Fort

Katuwana Fort is a internal fort built by invading forces to counter attacks from Kandy in the Katuwana divisional secretary of Hambantota District. It was built in 1645 A.D by the Dutch.

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Dutch Fort of Kalpitiya – කල්පිටිය බලකොටුව

The Dutch Fort of Kalpitiya

At the extreme tip of the Kalpitiya is the Kalpitiya Fort, built in 1667, on the spot where the Portuguese had a stockade and a Jesuit chapel. The fort is is now a Sri Lankan Navy base.

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Jaffna Fort – යාපනය බලකොටුව

Jaffna Fort - The Entrance to the Fort

Situated on the south side of the Jaffna peninsula at the water’s edge of the lagoon, the ancient Jaffna Fort is the second largest existing fort in the Island. Originally built by the Portuguese in 1619 and re-built and expanded by the Dutch during the second half of the 17th and the 18th centuries.

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Fort Ostenburg at Trincomalee – ඔස්ටන්බර්ග් බලකොටුව

A Diagram of Fort Ostenburg in Trincomalee from "Illustrations and views of Dutch Ceylon, 1602-1796" by Rajpal Kumar De Silva, Willemina G. M. Beumer

Fort Ostenburg is believed to be the fort buit by King Rajasinghe II who ruled this country for 52 years (1635-1687) to attack the Portuguese at Fort Fedrick.

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Hammenhiel Fort in Jaffna – හැමන්හිල් බලකොටුව

Hammenhiel Fort in Jaffna

The Hammenhiel Fort lies on a small rocky island at the entrance to the Jaffna Lagoon. The fort was built by the Portuguese in mid 1618 of quarried coral and was named Fortaleza Real (Fort Royal). After a 3 month

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Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee – ත්‍රිකුණාමලය බලකොටුව

Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee

Fort Fredrick is a fort built by Portuguese at Trincomalee, Sri Lanka in 1624. It is said to built from the debris of an ancient Hindu temple that was destroyed by the Portuguese.

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Haldummulla Portuguese Fort – හල්දුම්මුල්ල පැරණි බලකොටුව

Remains of Haldummulla Fort

Haldummulla lies about 175 km off the capital of Colombo at a elevation of about 1200 metres. The Portuguese fort of Haldummulla existed in the early 17th century between Haldummulla and Idalgashinna.

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Galle Fort – ගාල්ල කොටුව

The Dutch Galle Fort is a rare historical jewel protected by dark, thick stone walls – with the endless ocean on one side.

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Fort Pyl & Fort Beschutter

Remains of Fort Pas Beschutter in Jaffna Peninsula

Three miles north east from Elephant Pass in the general area of Iyakachchi was situated the second fortification called Pas (Fort) Beschutter built by the Dutch near the village of Koyilvayal. Further to the north east from this point was the third Dutch fortification named Pas (Fort) Pyl.

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Dutch Fort at Elephant Pass – යාපනය අලිමංකඩ බලකොටුව

View of the Elephant Pass Fort from the lagoon before it was destroyed post 1984. (Source: The Dutch Forts of Sri Lanka – The Military Monuments of Ceylon by W.A. Nelson)

The Dutch were the first to erect a fort at Elephant Pass. It was more like a stockade or a watch post. Though well fortified and built with strong defenses the extent of the fortifications were much smaller to that of Galle or Jaffna forts.

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Delft Island Fort – Jaffna – ඩෙල්ෆ් බලකොටුව

Delft Island – This island was called by the Portuguese ilha das Vacas, had a fort built by them. The Dutch called it Delft Island. The tamils call it the Neduntheevu or Neduntivu.

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Batticaloa Fort – මඩකලපුව බලකොටුව

Batticaloa Fort

The Fort in Batticaloa lies on a one of the many small islands of Batticaloa in the east coast of Sri Lanka. It was built by the Portuguese in 1628 after a Dutch fleet landed in Batticaloa in 1902 to

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