Tag: jaffna

Analaitivu Lighthouse – අන්නලදූව ප්‍රදීපාගාරය

The Lighthouse of the Analaitivu Island

Analaitivu is a small island off the coast of Jaffna Peninsula in north Sri Lanka. The only access to the island is by boat or ferry from Karainagar, Kayts or Eluvaitivu Jetties.

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Delft Island in Jaffna – ඩෙල්ෆ්ට් දූපත

Wild Ponies of Delft Island in Jaffna

The whole island of Delft is built on coral and limestone. The island is a typical remote Sri Lankan village. Simple housed built of coral and limestone, laid-back life and the most popular form of transport is bicycle.

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Maviddapuram Kanthaswamy Kovil – මාවිද්දපුරම් කන්දසාමි කෝවිල

Maviddapuram Kanthaswamy Kovil

The original Maviddapuram Kanthaswamy Kovil built in 789 AD had four temple towers facing four directions and five outer routes or paths. This was destroyed by the Portugese during 1700-1800, and rebuilt by the British.

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Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil – Jaffna

Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil - Jaffna

Nallur Kandaswamy Temple lies about 3km from the Jaffna town on the KKS (Kankasanthurai) Road. This is one of the most important temples in the Jaffna Peninsula and the most well known. The history of the temple dates back to

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Nakuleswaram Kovil in Jaffna – Oldest Siva Temple in Sri Lanka

Nakuleswaram Kovil - Jaffna

Nakuleswaram is situated north of the main town of Jaffna and is close to the Port City of Kankesanturai. It is dedicated to main deity in Saivism Lord Siva and is one of the five ancient Sivan temples in the

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Nagapooshani Amman Kovil at Nainativu – නයිනතිව් නාගපූසානි අම්මාන් කෝවිල

Nagapooshani Amman Kovil

Nagapooshani Amman Temple on the island of Nainativu is a very ancient Hindu temple. It is believed that this temple was originally erected many millennia before by the Nagas who were a pre-historic race of people of Sri Lanka. The

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Nagadeepa Viharaya [4] – Rajayatana Cetiya in Nagadeepa

Nagadeepa Viharaya - Jaffna

The Sihala-vathuppakarana, the earliest extant book in Sri Lanka illustrates this event in a different perspective. The Buddha, it states, saw the impending struggle of the Nagas through his divine eye and set out for Nagadeepa out of compassion for

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Nagadeepa Viharaya [3]

Nagadeepa Viharaya - Jaffna

In the Jaffna Peninsula, on the island of Nainativu is situated the Nagadipa Vihara, one of the 16 sacred places of worship in Sri Lanka. According to the chronicles, in the 5th year after enlightenment, Lord Buddha visited Nagadipa to

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Nagadeepa [2] – Nagadipa or Naka – Diva Was The Ancient Name of The Jaffna Peninsula

Nagadeepa Viharaya - Jaffna

Nagadipa or Naka-diva was the ancient name of the Jaffna peninsula. It is first mentioned in the Pali chronicles of Ceylon in connection with the story of the Buddha’s second visit to Sri Lanka in the 6th century B.C. According

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Historic Nagadeepa Viharaya at Nainativu, Jaffna – නාගදීප විහාරය

Nagadeepa Viharaya - Jaffna

Nainativu is one of the smallest inhabited islands in the Gulf of Mannar and is only about 35 miles from India. Merchants have long come here and the surrounding islands to buy the conch shells that are harvested in the

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Kadurugoda [4] – The Antiquity of Kantarodai Vihara of Jaffna

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai)

The ports of ancient Sri Lanka served as entry and exit points for traders, immigrants and Buddhist missionaries. Sri Lanka, being located in the middle of the Indian Ocean and to the extreme south of the Indian Peninsula, held a

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Kadurugoda [3] – Kantarodai Buddhist Remains – A Sri Lankan Boro-Budur Lost For Ever?

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai)

Even in the 15th century just before the arrival of the Portuguese, the North was still a land of the Sinhalese Buddhists after Sapumal Kumaraya’s 17 year rule there. For example, the Kokila Sandesaya which describes several places on the

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Buddhist Remains In The Jaffna Peninsula – යාපනයේ බෞද්ධ උරුමය

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai)

The Jaffna peninsula is mentioned in History for the first time connection with the story of the Buddha’s visit to Sri Lanka. There it is mentioned as Nagadipa. There is no doubt whatsoever in the identification of Jaffna Peninsula as the ancient Nagadipa. The modern Sinhalese word Yapane is a variant form of the Sinhalese word Yapapatuna which occurs in Sinhalese literature.

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Kadurugoda [2] – Had the Tamil North a Buddhist background?

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai)

– Peep into pre-history: a 1949 article that should not have been ignored – The view held by some archaeologists, that for some centuries before and after the beginning of the Christian era the majority of the Tamils in India

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Kadurugoda Viharaya at Kantarodai Jaffna – කදුරුගොඩ විහාරය – ‍යාපනය

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai)

Ancient Kadurugoda Viharaya (Kantarodai) is one of the very few Buddhist sites remaining in Jaffna today. The site was discovered in 1917 by the Magistrate P.E. Pieris where he reported that bricks from this site is being carried a way by cart loads by the residents around the area for building of houses.

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Dambakola Patuna Temple – දඹකොළ පටුන

Dambakola Patuna

Dambakola Patuna or Jambukola Patuna is an ancient port in the north of Jaffna which was used during pre christian times. After Arahath Mahinda brought Bhuddhism to Sri Lanka in 250BC, his sister, Theri Sanghamitta arrived in Sri Lanka with a Sacred Bo Sapling one year later to this port.

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Point Padro Lighthouse – පේදුරු තුඩුව ප්‍රදීපාගාරය

Point Padro Lighthouse

Point Padro lighthouse lies in the North Eastern corner of Sri Lanka. Built in 1916, this is 32 m (105 ft) tall. Access to the light house was restricted for the last 30 years due to the Tamil Terrorists in

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Mullaitivu Lighthouse – මුලතිව් ප්‍රදීපාගාරය

The base of the Mullaitivu Lighthouse

Mullaitivu Lighthouse is said to be an iron structure and was described by NGA as an “iron latticework obelisk.”  Built in 1896 to a height of 20 meters, it survived to for over 100 years. This was located  near the

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Kovilan Point Lighthouse at Karaitivu Island – කෝවිලන් තුඩුව ප්‍රදීපාගාරය

Kovilan Point Lighthouse ogimage

Kovilan Point lighthouse lies in the Jaffna peninsula on the north western corner of the Karativu island about 25 km from the Jaffna town. This is the largest island in the peninsula and is connected to the mainland though a

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Kankasanthure Lighthouse (KKS) – කන්කසන්තුරේ ප්‍රදීපාගාරය

Kankasanthure (KKS) Lighthouse

The Kankesanthure lighthouse (Kankesanthurai/KKS) lies in the vicinity of the KKS harbour.Both the harbour and the lighthouse is surrounded by an ancient fortified wall built by the Portuguese and the Dutch.

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Dutch fort at Mullaitivu – මුලතිවු බලකොටුව

Ruins of what is thought to be part of the ancient fort of Mullathivu

The fort at Mullaitivu was built by the Dutch in 1715 was originally a small wooden structure, in 1721 a quadrangular fort of earth-work has been erected. The English had rebuilt it during the British occupation of the island.

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Kayts Island Fort – කයිට්ස් දූපත් බලකොටුව

Remains of the ancient fort

Kayts Island Fort – Kayts is the largest island in the Jaffna Peninsula. The Portuguese fort in the island has been built with four circular bastions around 1629, with a shape of a horseshoe.

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Jaffna Fort – යාපනය බලකොටුව

Jaffna Fort - The Entrance to the Fort

Situated on the south side of the Jaffna peninsula at the water’s edge of the lagoon, the ancient Jaffna Fort is the second largest existing fort in the Island. Originally built by the Portuguese in 1619 and re-built and expanded by the Dutch during the second half of the 17th and the 18th centuries.

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Hammenhiel Fort in Jaffna – හැමන්හිල් බලකොටුව

Hammenhiel Fort in Jaffna

The Hammenhiel Fort lies on a small rocky island at the entrance to the Jaffna Lagoon. The fort was built by the Portuguese in mid 1618 of quarried coral and was named Fortaleza Real (Fort Royal). After a 3 month

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Fort Pyl & Fort Beschutter

Remains of Fort Pas Beschutter in Jaffna Peninsula

Three miles north east from Elephant Pass in the general area of Iyakachchi was situated the second fortification called Pas (Fort) Beschutter built by the Dutch near the village of Koyilvayal. Further to the north east from this point was the third Dutch fortification named Pas (Fort) Pyl.

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Dutch Fort at Elephant Pass – යාපනය අලිමංකඩ බලකොටුව

View of the Elephant Pass Fort from the lagoon before it was destroyed post 1984. (Source: The Dutch Forts of Sri Lanka – The Military Monuments of Ceylon by W.A. Nelson)

The Dutch were the first to erect a fort at Elephant Pass. It was more like a stockade or a watch post. Though well fortified and built with strong defenses the extent of the fortifications were much smaller to that of Galle or Jaffna forts.

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Delft Island Fort – Jaffna – ඩෙල්ෆ් බලකොටුව

Delft Island – This island was called by the Portuguese ilha das Vacas, had a fort built by them. The Dutch called it Delft Island. The tamils call it the Neduntheevu or Neduntivu.

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