Mannakulam Archaeological Ruins in Vavuniya

Mannakulam Archaeological Ruins in Vavuniya (වවුනියාව මන්නකුලම් පුරාවිද්‍යා නටබුන්)

Among the ruins, you will find remains of a building with 17 standing pillars and one fallen. A pillar inscription lies fallen on the ground. A mound covered in jungle weed had been a stupa in ancient times. The Stupa mound is 8 meters in diameter and about 5 meters in height. The pillar inscription is written in Medieval Sinhalese Script and has been dated to 4th-8th centuries.

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Ruins of Ullukkulam Stone Bridge in Vavuniya photo source : Marga Puranaya by Dr Vidanapathirana

Ruins of Ullukkulam Stone Bridge in Vavuniya (වව්නියාව උලුක්කුලම පුරාණ ගල් පාළම නටබුණ්)

Ullukkulam (ancient Olu Kulama, Ullukkulama) Stone Bridge over a tributary of Kal Aru near Ullukkulam reservoir. With the expansion of the Ullukkulam Wewa reservoir in 1896, a concrete dam was built destroying this stone bridge. However, parts of this bridge can still be seen near this concrete dam. Both the stone bridges seem to have been built before these ancient reservoirs were built

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පාවත්කුලම මහඋළුක්වැව පුරාවිද්‍යා භූමිය - Pawathkulama Mahaulukwewa Archaeological Site

Pawathkulama Mahaulukwewa (Periya Ulukkulam) Archaeological Site

There is no doubt that the Pawathkulama Mahaulukwewa (Periya Ulukkulam) Archaeological Site is a place with a history that stretches back to the early Anuradhapura period. In one place of the rock, there is an ancient stupa, now resembling a rather large mound. It has been dug up and destroyed by treasure hunters. Another similar small mound is found elsewhere and a small structure has been built to light lamps.

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Awaranthulawa Archaeological Site in Vavuniya

Awaranthulawa Archaeological Site in Vavuniya (වව්නියාව අවරන්තුලාව පුරාවිද්‍යා භූමිය)

The ruins of Awaranthulawa lie on a large rocky plain. The key artefact of the site is the fairly large stupa at a high point of the rock. Now resembling a mound of stone covered by grass this is about 8 feet in height today. In addition, the site is scattered with pillar bases, lamp stones, pillars and large bricks with curved surfaces. The rocky plain has about 7 rock ponds at various places. A large pond lies at one end of the rock.

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Ruins of Pavakkulama (Pavatkulama) Stone Bridge in Vavuniya photo source : Marga Puranaya by Dr Vidanapathirana

Ruins of Pavakkulam Stone Bridge in Vavuniya (වව්නියාව පාවක්කුලම පුරාණ ගල් පාළම නටබුණ්)

Pavatkulama Stone Bridge were first disclosed by Lewis in the late 1800s J.P. Lewis. It was 200 or 300 ft. long and was raised upon piers of substantial stone posts. It crossed the stream which flowed from the southern low-level sluice and kalingula. The road which passes over it still goes by the name of the Mawata, “the high road,” although the ends of the bridge are hidden in dense jungle. ‘The people say that this was a main road from Anuradhapura to Jaffna, possibly by way of Upatissa-Nuwara

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The ancient stupa at Nelukkulam has been desecrated by the installation of a lance on a concrete block on the summit of the Stupa.

Disappearing Archaeological Ruins of Nelukkulam in Vavuniya (වැනසෙන වවුනියාව නෙලුක්කුලම ආරාමයේ නටබුන්)

At Nelukkulam (Nelukkulama) site, you find a stupa mound and ruins of 2 buildings. The stupa mound was 30 feet in height and stood on a square platform. This stupa has been desecrated by the installation of a lance on a concrete block on the summit of the Stupa by a Hindu Devotee as reported in the 1980s.

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