Chundikulam National Park (චුණ්ඩිකුලම ජාතික වනෝද්යානය)
|size||19,565 hectares (196 square kilometers)|
|Main attraction||mangrove swamps and sea grass, sand dunes and dry zone flora|
Chundikkulam lies in Mullaitivu district on the edge of where the Jaffna Peninsula connects to the mainland of Sri Lanka.
Chundikkulam Lagoon and its surrounding area was designated as a bird sanctuary on 25 February 1938 under the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance. Chundikkulam sanctuary became a national park on 22 June 2015 with an area of 19,565 ha (48,347 acres) Chundikkulam Lagoon is partly surrounded by mangrove swamps and seagrass beds. The surrounding area includes palmyra palm trees, scrub forests and a variety of dry zone flora.
Numerous varieties of water and wader birds are found in the park including bar-tailed godwit, black-tailed godwit, black-winged stilt, brown-headed gull, common sandpiper, curlew sandpiper, eurasian coot, eurasian curlew, eurasian spoonbill, eurasian teal, eurasian wigeon, garganey, greater flamingo, gull-billed tern, marsh sandpiper, northern pintail, oriental ibis, painted stork, ruff, shoveler, terek sandpiper and wood sandpiper.
Chundikkulam was one of the most popular bird sanctuaries in the north of the country. However with the Tamil Terrorists waging a war with the government, this was not accesable to the public for almost 30 years. However after the end of this conflict, the government took further measures to protect the wildlife in the region declaring this area as National Wildlife Park.
Access to the park is not organized or there is no formal ticket system. To reach the lagoon, you need to enter Jaffna peninsula though elephant pass and ride to the eastern edge of the peninsula. There is a sandy road parallel to the sea shore along sand dunes, palmyra trees and thorny bushes. A four wheel drive vehicle is advised to travel on this route. There is no habitation other than few security points and seasonal fishing huts along the route. Over this road, you can drive up to the edge of the lagoon.
Map of Chundikulam National Park
The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites
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Travel Directions to Chundikulam National Park
Jaffna can be reached through 2 directions. First one is over the Elephant Pass which is the normal route to Jaffna. The other entrance is from Pooneryn over the newly built Sangupiddi Bridge. This road connects to Mannar.
|Route 01 from Colombo to Jaffna (Through Kurunegala)||Route 02 from Colombo to Jaffna (Through Puttalam)|
|Though : Kurunegala – Dambulla – Anuradhapura – Vavuniya|
Distance :400 km
Travel time : 7-8 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
|Through : Puttalam – Anuradhapura – Vavuniya|
Distance : 400 km
Travel time : 7-8 hours
Driving Directions : see on google maps
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