Padanagara II of Ancient Anuradhapura – අනුරාධපුර පධානඝරය II

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Padanagara No. 2
Padanagara No. 2The toilet stone of the Padanagara No. 2
Photo by M Devana S Salgado

To the west to the Abhayagirya monastery on the outer circular road (Watawanda Road) are two Padanagara structures.

Padanagara Complexes were used by the meditating monks and are located away from the cities and human settlements. Padanagara are built on a unique architectural style with a moat surrounding them. Quite often these structures were

built as twin structures on a rocky outcrop surrounded by the moat. Sometimes there are waterways even inside the moat underneath the buildings such as this building complex.

The buildings made of granite pillars void of any decorations. The only carvings you find on such buildings are on the urinal stones

Traveling along Watawandana Road from Kuttam Pokuna for 5.5 kilometers passing Abhayagiriya Stupa and 1.5 km passing the Padanagaraya I, you will reach this site on the left to the road.

This is smaller than the first but it has been restored to a more greater extend with granite walls with perfect fit rising to about 5 feet.

There is not a single caving on any of the buildings. To the right to the building outside the main structure is where the outhouse was located. Here you will see the only caved rock in the whole building, the urinal stone.

The Urinal Stone at the Patanagaraya
The Urinal Stone at the Patanagaraya
Source : Sinhalese Monastic Architecture: The Viháras of Anurádhapura
By S. D. Bandaranayake

Also See

Map of Padanagara Complex II

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The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites

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Driving Directions to Anuradhapura (Padanagara Complex II )

Anuradhapura can be reached through many routes from Colombo. The two main routes are through Puttlam (Puttalama) and though Kurunegala. Traveling from Puttalam you will pass scenic Wilpattu area. the From Kurunegala there are two main routes to Anuradhapura. The most common route is through Dambulla. The other route is though Galgamuwa. Out of all the routes, the commonly used is the Kurunegala – Dambulla route (Route 2).

Route 01 from Colombo to Anuradhapura

Route 02 from Colombo to Anuradhapura

Though : Negombo - Chillaw - Puthlam
distance from colombo :213 km
Travel time : 3 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Through : Ambepussa - Kurunegala - Dambulla
distance from Colombo : 221 km
Travel time : 3.15 hours
Driving Directions : see on google maps

Route 03 from Colombo to Anuradhapura

Route from Kandy to Anuradhapura

Though : Ambepussa - Kurunegala - Padeniya - Thambuthegama
distance from colombo :213 km
Travel time : 3 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Though : Katugastota - Matale - Dambulla
distance from Colombo :139 km
Travel time : 2 hours
Driving directions : see on google map

Route from Anuradhapura Railway Station to Padanagara Complex II

Distance : 9.2  kilometers
Travel time : 20 minutes
Driving directions : see on google map


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