Anamaduwa Paramakanda Rajamaha Viharaya – ආනමඩුව පරමකන්ද රජමහා විහාරය

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The historic Paramakanda Rajamaha Viharaya lies on the majestic and mysterious Paramakanda Rock in Anamaduwa belonging to the Putlam District.

The ruins indicate that the once the complex covered the whole rock formation. The cave temple is believed to be the work of King Walagamba ( 89-77 BC ). The inscription at Thonigala states this temple was built by a priest called Mahatissa thero during the King Walagamba’s time. The Temple complex contains number of caves and the rock it self is interesting due to the peculiar formations in different parts of the Rock.

The temple complex mainly consists of two terraces. The lower terrace includes the Stupa, Bodhi tree, dripledged rock caves, Bikkhu dwellings, the main image house and the bell tower. Another small image house, a Stupa and a foot print of Buddha are found in the upper temple premises. The main image house of the lower terrace is adorned with paintings and sculptures belonging to the Kandyan tradition as well as the newer styles.

There are two rock inscriptions at the temple. One is on a rock at the ancient bodhi tree. The other is at a natural rock pool on the rock.  The oldest of the two belongs to the 1st century and is written in old Sinhala in early Brahmi script. It describes a cistern by brave mariner chief Thissa, the son of chief Abhaya. The second inscription belongs to the 3-4th centuries and is written in old Sinhala in late Brahmi script. A paddy field called Vajara has been donated to the temple by Kalayasiva, son of minister Naga for the construction of the stupa. It also refers to a donation of paddy fields amounting to an extent of 10 Amuna and 9 karisas (46 amunas) for the use of Sanga. The inscription is badly weather worn and a complete interpretation is difficult to make.

Unfortunately few years ago all the statues of the upper image house was destroyed by treasure hunters. Most of the heads in statues has been attacked including the large reclining Buddha statue.

  • closest town : Anamaduwa
  • Local Authority : Anamaduwa
  • District : Putlam

Also See

Map of Paramakanda Cave Temple

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The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites

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Driving Directions to Paramakanda Cave Temple

The temple can be reached passing the Anamaduwa town, traveling from Kurunegala.

Distance from Colombo Galle Face to Paramakanda Cave Temple Distance From Kandy to Paramakanda Cave Temple
Though : Chilaw ( Halawatha)
distance :140 km
Travel time : 2.5 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Though : Kurunegala
distance :105 km
Travel time : 2 hours
Driving directions : see on google map


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