Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya (Punchi Dambadiva) – රත්ගඟ අසූ මහා ශ්‍රාවක පස්විසූ රජමහා විහාරය

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Replica of buddhagaya - Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Replica of buddhagaya – Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Lumbini where Prince Siddartha was born is situated in India, which was earlier known as Dambadiva. It was a little pastoral village nestling in this mountain frontier of Nepal in the 6th century BC.

Right throughout the year in Sri Lanka there is an exodus of pilgrims on pilgrimage to Dambadiva, where the hallowed sites connected with the life and times of Siddharta Gautama before and after His Supreme Enlightenment are found.

However Punchi Dambadiva (Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya) is located along the Colombo – Ratnapura – Pelmadulla – Embilipitiya main highway – near Nonagama Junction off the 22nd km post from Ratnapura. From there lies its turn off along a mountain winding metalled narrow road running to about 12 km.

This Punchi Dambadiva reposes itself in the lap of the Sabaragamuwa Province, where in the hazy distance loom the holy mountain profiles of Sri Pada (Adam’s Peak), the holiest peak of all the peaks in our fair isle.

The verdant valleys are saddled copiously with carpets of tea, rubber, cocoa, coffee gardens, interlaced with lush jungle, terraced rice fields set against the backdrop of wooded hills, where whispering rills, cascade down falling into boisterous rock pools.

Amidst such awe-inspiring mountain capes, there comes into view this fascinating Punchi Dambadiva peeping out of a hillock harbouring a sprawling complex of lofty mansions filling the spread out landscapes far and wide. It is fascinatingly skirted by the meandering Rath Ganga flowing lazily by.

Ven. Girimale Chandraloka Thera is the dynamic Viharadhipathi – Founder of this temple named Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pas Visu Rajamaha Viharaya.

He is a pleasant and devout thera. He welcomed us and most willingly spent half a day with us in the commodious reception parlour standing on monolithic pillars elaborately carved with alluring cultural motifs and furnished with elegant decor which has turned into a cynosure to any pilgrim.

Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Adjoining it are the enormous living rooms for the comfort of the devotees for their lodgings replete with well-equipped shining assortments of furniture and other fittings of every description. Everyday pilgrims are provided with meals.

The Viharadhipathi spelled out to me the origin and the concept of this Punchi Dambadiva Temple Complex.

His most revered ambition in creating it was to have those very sacred pilgrim sites found in ancient Dambadiva, reminiscent of the Buddha, to be exactly molded in their entirety at this Punchi Dambadiva itself. His other wish was to provide an alternative to the people who have financial difficulties to go to India on pilgrimage.

In order to fulfil this void, his other intent was to create those very replicas of such places like Buddha Gaya, Lumbini, Kusinara, Jethawanaya, at this Punchi Dambadiva. With a twinkle in his graceful eye, in high glee the thera averred that he has been successful in fulfilling it by the ‘Grace of the Triple Gem.’

To achieve his sacred goal, with a determined effort fortified with the unstinted co-operation that he had received from his loyal dayakas, villagers around and still other well-wishers from outstations as well, he strode ahead with confidence.

A devout Buddhist Mr. Perera of Panadura rose to the occasion, and gave the financial assistance to construct a suitable dwelling to enable the Viharadhipathi to stay in it and carry out this mission. Thereafter, came the promising and great Day for him and his dayakas on 14.4.1981.

On this paramount day at the auspicious time of 21.17 pm he moved in with all smiles and contentment into this mud-walled hut clad with tiles that was graciously donated by this good samaritan Mr. Perera , in the company of his Dayakayas, and a host of other well-wishers.

Languishing in this shanty like hut under great privation, albeit his daily alms were provided to him by his dayakas, he geared himself to make this ambitious mission a reality.

With the generous but steady flow of cash donations doled out by his dayakas, villagers, and other pilgrims , he was gloriously successful in the construction of the very first such palatial edifice called the Dharmasala Mandira for which the foundation stone was laid on 3.6.1982. When in no time, it was fully completed.

As time grew by, he still strived indefatigably to bring this Punchi Damabadiva into a plurality of buildings modelled out on the very such Buddhist sites found in Dambadiva like Buddhagaya, Jethawanarama, Kusinara, Lumbini and the like.

The first Buddhist Convention during the Buddha’s life times was held at Jethawanaramaya in Dambadiva in a conclave of eighty Arahants (highest Buddhist Sages). Among them were Deepankara Buddha, Kassyapa and Gautama Buddha and so on.

This sanctified event had been spectacularly modelled out in clay plaster and lime in the form of statues in glittering decor, while the murals are fascinatingly adorned with the lively episodes of Jataka Stories depicting the life and times of the Bodisatta and then the Buddha.

Hence it has been fittingly named as Suvisi Vivarana Vihara Mandiraya. It comprises of the replicas of Suvisi – (24) Buddha statues, together with 80 other statues which are consecrated under one roof, are considered to be the only such models found not only in Sri Lanka, but in the world.

It was really a marvellous piece of work which took over two years to complete. This epic Vihara Mandira was unveiled by the former President late J. R. Jayewardene on June 25,1986.

The foundation stone laying ceremony for yet another massive building namely the Dharmamandira took place on 15.1.1987, and it was inaugurated on 21.4.1990 by the former late President Ranasinghe Premadasa.

This Vihara was posthumously named after late Venerable Thudawe Thera , the Guru of Venerable Girimale Chandraloka thera .

by Gamini G. Punchihewa
The Sunday Observer

Also See

Map of Punchi Dambadiva – Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

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The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites.

Zoom out the map to see more surrounding locations using the mouse scroll wheel or map controls.


Travel Directions to Punchi Dambadiva – Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Route from Colombo to Punchi Dambadiva – Rathganga Asu Maha Shrawaka Pasvisu Rajamaha Viharaya

Through : Horana – Ratnapura – Wewalwatte Road – Malwela – Carney Road – Gilimale –
Distance : 108 km
Travel time : 3 hours.
Driving directions : see on google map

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