Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee – ත්‍රිකුණාමලය බලකොටුව

Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee

Entrance of the Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee

Trincomalee which is a natural deep-water harbour that has attracted sea farers like Marco Polo , Ptolemy and Sea Traders from China and East Asia since ancient times. Trinco, as it is commonly called, has been a sea port since the days of the ancient Sri Lankan Kings. The earliest known reference to the port of Gokanna is found in the Mahavamsa stating that in 5th century BC, when King Vijaya who having failed to convince his brother to come to Sri Lanka as his successor, got down his youngest son Panduvasdeva, who landed at Gokanna and was subsequently enthroned at Upatissagama.

Fort Fredrick is a fort built by Portuguese at Trincomalee, Sri Lanka in 1624. It was built from the debris of an ancient Hindu temple that was destroyed by the Portuguese. This was captured by a Dutch fleet under Admiral Westerwold in 1639. Not until 1665 was a new fort built here by the Dutch defend against the advancements of the British and the French.

In 1672, the year when the Dutch Republic was attacked by France, Britain, and two German states, the French captured Trincomalee and later they occupied Batticaloa. However soon the French were forced to leave. Trincomalee was important for its large all-season secure harbor.

In late 18th century Trincomalee traded hands once more with the French capturing it again and later handing back to the VOC at the Peace of Paris in 1784. In 1795 it was taken over by the British, and remained a British garrison till 1948. Coastal artillery guns were added during the two World Wars. Today it remains garrisoned by a detachment of the Sri Lanka Army accessible to visitors.

Fort Fredrick is open to the public and one of the main attractions of Trincomalee, the Koneswaram Temple lies inside this fort.

Source : en.wikipedia.org

Also See

Map of  Fort Fredrick at Trincomalee

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Driving Directions to Trincomalee (Fort Fredrick)

Route from Colombo to Trincomalee

Route from Kandy to Trincomalee

Though : Ambepussa – Kurunegala – Dambulla
distance : 266 km
Travel time : 6-7 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Though : Katugasthota – Matale – Dambulla
distance : 185 km
Travel time : 3.5-4 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
© www.amazinglanka.com
first published : January 3, 2010
Posted in Heritage Tagged with: , ,