Ruins of Stone Bridge inside Angammedilla National Park (අංගම්මැඩිල්ල තුල පිහිටි ගල් පාලම නටබුන්)

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These ruins of an ancient stone bridge are located in the southwestern part of Parakrama Samudraya reservoir in Polonnaruwa built by King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186), inside the national park of Angammedilla. These remains of a bridge are located across a small tributary that flows from the west into the ancient Angamedilla Yoda Ela, which carries water to Parakrama Samudraya. These tributaries become dry during the dry season. GPS measurements were 7 degrees 53 minutes 02.5 seconds north latitude and 80 degrees 56 minutes 41.1 seconds east longitude.

From Polonnaruwa, drive around the paved road from the south bunt to the west shore of the reservoir, and walk across the Angammedilla canal to the opposite shore After that, proceed along the bank of the irrigation canal, to arrive at the dried up tributary. You can walk along this path up to the ruins.

Both banks where the bridge lies are open rock boulders. There are six stone pillars of the bridge remaining on the dried-up river bed which is 14 meters wide at this point. The height of the stone pillars from the riverbed is approximately 1.7 meters. Eight steps are carved in the east-west direction on the slope of the rock on the right bank side (south side). Three 12 cm square pillar holes were found at 2 m intervals on the upper part of the open rock that goes up the stairs to the east, including a cornerstone. Therefore there would have been a building on this rock in the past.

The stone pillars used as piers have a groove at the top where wooden beams as girders of the bridge would have been placed. Although some pillars are tilted or collapsed, it is estimated that they stood at intervals of about 1 meter. Natural stones about 30 cm are lined up on the shore upstream from the pier on the left bank (north bank) to stop the river bank from being washed away. Wooden planks would have been laid across the bridge along the beams when it was functional.

In addition, a stone gutter of about 50 cm square x 1m in length was found on the riverbed indicating that the water on this stream had been diverted through a stone gutter and carried elsewhere for some unknown purpose.

Other Stone Bridges of Sri Lanka

There are many stone bridges discovered in Sri Lanka. These are in various states while some have been conserved to an extent. The most popular is the bridge over the Malwathu Oya.

  1. Alubedda Stone Bridge
  2. Angammedilla National Park Stone Bridge (Polonnaruwa)
  3. Ebawalapitiya Gal Palama (Stone Bridge) over Deduru Oya
  4. Girihandu Seya Stone Bridge (Tiriyaya)
  5. Habagama Stone Bridge
  6. Halpan Ela Stone Bridge (Anuradhapura)
  7. Kayankerni Stone Bridge  (Eastern Province)
  8. Mahakanadarawa Wewa Stone Bridge (Mihintale)
  9. Nirawiya Farm Gal Palama (Thambuttegama)
  10. Palugaswewa Stone Bridge
  11. Pavakkulam Stone Bridge (Vavuniya)
  12. Perimiyankulama Gal Palama over Malwathu Oya (Anuradhapura)
  13. Ritigala Gal Palama (Anuradhapura)
  14. Sukara Nijjara Gal Amuna and Stone Bridge
  15. Thimbiripokuna Palamgala Gal Palama
  16. Thirappane Stone Bridge
  17. Thulawelliya Stone Bridge
  18. Ullukkulama Stone Bridge
  19. Vannadi Palama (Vannadi Stone Bridge) and Amuna
  20. Weliela Mankada Stone Bridge
  21. Yanoya Stone Bridge

References

  • Okamura, T., 2015. RUINS IN CENTRAL EASTERN AREA OF SRI LANKA — at the jungle of Amban Ganga Basin and the outskirts —. Tokyo: South Asian Ruins Exploration and Research Society (SARERS).

Also See

Map of Stone Bridge inside Angammedilla

Please click on the button below to load the Dynamic Google Map (ගූගල් සිතියම් පහලින්)
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The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites

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Travel Directions to Stone Bridge inside Angammedilla

The modern town of Polonnaruwa is also known as New Town, and the other part of Polonnaruwa remains the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.

Route from Colombo to Polonnaruwa Sacred CityRoute from Kandy to Polonnaruwa Sacred City
Through : Central Highway – Kurunegala – Dambulla
Distance from Colombo :230 km
Travel Time : 4.45 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Through : Matale – Dambulla – Habarana
Distance : 140 km
Travel Time : 3.5 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google maps
Route from Anuradhapura to Polonnaruwa Sacred CityRoute from Batticaloa to Polonnaruwa Sacred City
Though : Maradankadawala – Habarana
Distance : 103 km
Travel Time : 2 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Though : Chenkaladi – Valachchena
Distance : 97 km
Travel Time : 2 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Route from Polonnaruwa to Stone Bridge inside Angammedilla
Through : Parakrama Samudraya Bunt Road
Distance : 13 km
Travel time : 25 minutes
Driving directions : see on google map

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