Welikanda Katuwanwila Archaeological Site (වැලිකන්ද කටුවන්විල පුරාවිද්‍යා භූමිය)

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Villus are marshy areas that occur along river floodplains, occupying the natural river levees. Each villu consists of a saucer-shaped pool that is more or less filled with water throughout the year, and a marginal floodplain that is inundated only during floods. Villus are also known as ox-bow lakes in other parts of the world.

There are more than 38 villus identified downstream of the Mahaweli River, out of which 6 are found in the Polonnaruwa district. They are Handapanwila, Bandiyawila, Karapola, Muthugala, Katuwanwila and Manampitiya.

Katuwanwila is a predominantly Muslim settlement which lies 15km off Sevanagala along the Mahaweli River to the North. Passing the village center and paddy fields, nestled between 2 ponds near the Mahaweli Ganga, lies some ancient buildings which no identification has been done yet.

The Archaeological site of Katuwanwila with ruins of building allotted by Geographical data Nos. mentioned below in Katuwanwila Village in the Grama Niladhari Division No.268 of Katuwanwila in Welikanda Divisional Secretary’s Division in Polonnaruwa District, North Central Province was declared as an archaeological is monument in 1st February 2023.

The location is given as

North Latitudes East Longitudes
8° 0′ 48.87”N – 81° 9′ 21.37” E
8° 0′ 48.16”N – 81° 9′ 25.88” E
8° 0′ 46.03”N – 81° 9′ 26.12” E
8° 0′ 44.83”N – 81° 9′ 22.30” E


  • Wikramanayaka, V. (2023) ‘Monuments to be declared as Ancient Monuments’, The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka EXTRAORDINARY, 2317/57, p. 4A.

Also See

Map of Welikanda Katuwanwila Archaeological Site

Please click on the button below to load the Dynamic Google Map (ගූගල් සිතියම් පහලින්)

The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites

Zoom out the map to see more surrounding locations using the mouse scroll wheel or map controls.

Travel Directions to Welikanda Katuwanwila Archaeological Site

The modern town of Polonnaruwa is also known as New Town, and the other part of Polonnaruwa remains the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.

Route from Colombo to Polonnaruwa Sacred CityRoute from Kandy to Polonnaruwa Sacred City
Through : Central Highway – Kurunegala – Dambulla
Distance from Colombo :230 km
Travel Time : 4.45 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Through : Matale – Dambulla – Habarana
Distance : 140 km
Travel Time : 3.5 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google maps
Route from Anuradhapura to Polonnaruwa Sacred CityRoute from Batticaloa to Polonnaruwa Sacred City
Though : Maradankadawala – Habarana
Distance : 103 km
Travel Time : 2 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Though : Chenkaladi – Valachchena
Distance : 97 km
Travel Time : 2 hours
Driving Directions : see on Google map
Route from Polonnaruwa to Welikanda Katuwanwila Archaeological Site
Through : Manampitiya – Welikanda
Distance : 37 km
Travel time : 1 hour
Driving directions : see on google map

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