Menikdena Archeological Reserve – මැණික්දෙන පුරාවිද්‍යා රක්ෂිතය සහ වෘක්ෂෝද්‍යානය

RATE THIS LOCATION :1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (2 votes, average: 2.50 out of 5)
Loading...
Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Menikdena Archeological reserve lies on the Dambulla – Kandy road few kilometres away from the Dambulla town. The reserve lies between the beautiful Menikdena tank and the Nikula or Menikdena Hill range reaching a 875m height. Menikdena archaeological reserve covers a area of 2 hectares (5 acres) and the Arboretum covers about 14 hectares (35 acres) of forest land.

The history of Menikdena Monastery dates back to the time of King Kithsiri Megha (555-573 AD) but some archeologists believe this monastery dates back as far as 3rd to 4th century AD. From the beginning, it served as a home to recluse arahants from this time and was known as Budugama.

Records also indicate that Menikdena was used as a military base by King Vijayabahu I (1110 – 1111 AD) during his campaign against the Cholas and that it also served the same purpose during the campaign of King Parakramabahu I against King Gajabahu II (1132 – 1153 AD). A large camp site could be seen on top of the Nikula – Bibile hill above the Etha Bandi Wewa tank. Legend has it that the name ‘Atha-Bandi’ came into usage with the Royal Elephant of King Vijayabahu I having been rested there.

Menikdena has the typical five structures found in a “Pabbatha Vihara” monastic complex. Generally ancient temples didn’t have any planned structure. However Pabbatha Vihara were different. They were built on a pre planned schemes. Stupa, Bodhighara, Upostaghara and the image house were placed in a square structure and four or three sides were surrounded by bikku residential units.

The stupa and the partially destroyed brick made Vahalkada has been conserved. Vahalkada is a new term which was not found in ancient texts. The terms “Adimukha” (ආදිමුඛ) and then “Ayaka” (ආයක) has been used at various periods and both these are genrally now called Vahalkada. The Ayaka of Menikdena is believed to date from the 10th century and display a large niches in their Ayakas. These have been used to place Buddha statues or statues of deities. The excavations of the eastern Ayaka produced a Buddhastatue had fallen from this niche.

The entrance to the monastery is from the Menikdena Tank side. Six wide granite steps flanked by guard stones and a blank moonstone makes up the entrance. On the right before the steps is a granite pillar inscription.

On the left to the entrance is the Stupa which is built on a large high platform. The entrance is a set of granite steps with guard-stones . At the top on the sides of the steps is a carved animal which is not very clear. Only the dome of the stupa remains of three of the four Ayakas has been partially restored but one has been left as it was found. Only one Buddha statue remains in a reasonably good state, probably the one discovered during the excavations status above.

Yupa gala of the stupa has been taken out and lies on the floor. Around the stupa are dilapidated stone carved with the Siri Pathula and a broken stone lamp.

Opposite the stupa is a bodhigara where the Bo tree used to stand. Beyond these two are the image house and the and the chapter house (Upostaghara). The massive stone pillars of the chapter house still stands majestically.

Menikdena has been declared as an Archaeological Reserve in 1957.

References

  1. SINHALESE MONASTIC ARCHITECTURE : The Viháras of Anurádhapura. S. D. Bandaranayake (1974)
  2. MEMOIRS OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CEYLON – VOLUME X – PART II : THUPA, THUPAGHARA AND THUPA PRASADA. Roland Silva (2004)

Also See

Map of Menikdena Archeological Reserve


ගූගල් සිතියම් පහලින් - Please click on the button below to load the Dynamic Google Map -
.

The map above also shows other places of interest within a approximately 20 km radius of the current site. Click on any of the markers and the info box to take you to information of these sites

Zoom out the map to see more surrounding locations using the mouse scroll wheel or map controls.


Travel Directions to Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Google maps does not show a road beyond ethabandi wewa junction. You need to take the gravel road from here as per the map below.

Route from Colombo to Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Route from Kurunegala – Dambulla Road to Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Through : Kelaniya – Ambepussa – Kurunegala – Galewala – Meewalapathaha Junction
Distance : 152
Travel time : 4 hours
Driving directions : see on google map
Through : Meewalapathaha Junction
Distance : 7 km
Travel time : 20 minutes
Driving directions : see on google map

Route from Dambulla to Menikdena Archeological Reserve

Through : Kandy Road
Distance : 14 km
Travel time : 20-30 minutes
Driving directions : see on google map

map


© www.amazinglanka.com

Comments
Tagged with: , ,